The age at which girls begin puberty has fallen in the past two
decades, and a new study shows this trend is continuing in some
populations in the U.S.
The study, “Pubertal Assessment Method and Baseline Characteristics in a Mixed Longitudinal Study of Girls,”
published in the September 2010 issue of Pediatrics (published online
Aug. 9), assessed the onset of puberty in more than 1,200 girls in three
cities. Researchers found that 10.4 percent of white non-Hispanic girls
had begun puberty at age 7, measured by breast development, compared to
23.4 percent of black girls and 14.9 percent of Hispanic girls. Among
8-year-olds, puberty had begun in 18.3 percent of white non-Hispanic
girls, 42.9 percent of black girls and 30.9 percent of Hispanic girls.
The numbers among white non-Hispanic girls represent a significant
increase over rates seen in a 1997 study. What causes puberty to begin
is thought to be a combination of genetics, environment and individual
factors such as weight.
Editor’s Note: This issue of Pediatrics also includes the study, “Role
of Prenatal Characteristics and Early Growth on Pubertal Attainment of British Girls.” For a copy of this study, contact the AAP Department of Communications.
The American Academy of
Pediatrics is an organization of 60,000 primary care pediatricians,
pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists
dedicated to the health, safety and well-being of infants, children,
adolescents and young adults. For more information, visit www.aap.org.