The AAP has assembled key reports, studies and other resources to assist reporters in their research on child abuse and abusive head trauma. Media representatives who need help locating experts to interview should contact the AAP Department of Communications at 847-434-7877 or firstname.lastname@example.org. Parent resources are available at www.healthychildren.org.
Backgrounder on Abusive Head Trauma (Shaken Baby Syndrome) for media
AAP Policy Statement: Abusive Head Trauma in Infants and Children – Cindy W. Christian, Robert Block, and the Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Pediatrics Vol. 123 No. 5 May 1, 2009, pp. 1409 -1411 (doi: 10.1542/peds.2009-0408)
AAP Clinical Report: The Eye Examination in the Evaluation of Child Abuse - Alex V. Levin, Cindy W. Christian, Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect, Section on Ophthalmology. Pediatrics Vol. 126 No. 2 August 1, 2010, pp. 376 -380 (doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-1397)
AAP Clinical Report: Evaluation for Bleeding Disorders in Suspected Child Abuse - James D. Anderst, Shannon L. Carpenter, Thomas C. Abshire, the Section on Hematology/Oncology and the Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Pediatrics Vol. 131 No. 4 April 1, 2013,
pp. e1314 -e1322 (doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-0195)
AAP Technical Report: Evaluating for Suspected Child Abuse: Conditions That Predispose to Bleeding - Shannon L. Carpenter, Thomas C. Abshire, James D. Anderst, the Section on Hematology/Oncology and the Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Pediatrics Vol. 131 No. 4 April 1, 2013, pp. e1357 -e1373 (doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-0196)
AAP Policy Statement: Evaluation of Suspected Child Physical Abuse - Nancy D. Kellogg and the Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Pediatrics Vol. 119 No. 6 June 1, 2007, pp. 1232 -1241 (doi: 10.1542/peds.2007-0883) Reaffirmed August 2012.
AAP Clinical Report: The Pediatrician's Role in Child Maltreatment Prevention - Emalee G. Flaherty, John Stirling Jr, The Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect. Pediatrics Vol. 126 No. 4 October 1, 2010, pp. 833 -841 (doi: 10.1542/peds.2010-2087)
Parks SE, Sugerman D, Xu L, Coronado V. Characteristics of non-fatal abusive head trauma among children in the USA, 2003-2008: application of the CDC operational case definition to national hospital inpatient data. Inj Prev 2012;18:392-8.
Parks SE, Kegler SR, Annest JL, Mercy JA. Characteristics of fatal abusive head trauma among children in the USA: 2003-2007: an application of the CDC operational case definition to national vital statistics data. Inj Prev 2012;18:193-9.
Reijneveld SA, van der Wal MF, Brugman E, et al. Infant crying and abuse. The Lancet 2004;364:1340-2.
Dias MS, Smith K, DeGuehery K, et al. Preventing abusive head trauma among infants and young children: a hospital-based, parent education program. Pediatrics 2005;115:e470-7.
Barr RG, Rivara FP, Barr M, et al. Effectiveness of educational materials designed to change knowledge and behaviors regarding crying and shaken-baby syndrome in mothers of newborns: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics 2009;123:972-80.
Parks SE, Annest JL, Hill HA, Karch DL. Pediatric Abusive Head Trauma: Recommended Definitions for Public Health Surveillance and Research. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2012, p 5.
Adamsbaum C, Grabar S, Mejean N, Rey-Salmon C. Abusive head trauma: judicial admissions highlight violent and repetitive shaking. Pediatrics 2010;126:546-55.
Sheets LK, Leach ME, Koszewski IJ, et al. Sentinel Injuries in Infants Evaluated for Child Physical Abuse. Pediatrics 2013; 131: 701 -7.
Greiner MV, Lawrence AP, Horn P, Newmeyer AJ, Makoroff KL. Early clinical indicators of developmental outcome in abusive head trauma. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(6):889-96
Leventhal JM, Krugman RD. "The battered-child syndrome" 50 years later: much accomplished, much left to do. JAMA. 2012 Jul 4;308(1):35-6
Shein SL, Bell MJ, Kochanek PM, Tyler-Kabara EC, Wisniewski SR, Feldman K, Makoroff K, Scribano PV, Berger RP. Risk factors for mortality in children with abusive head trauma. J Pediatr. 2012 Oct;161(4):716-722.e1
Maguire SA, Kemp AM, Lumb RC, Farewell DM. Estimating the Probability of Abusive Head Trauma: A Pooled Analysis. Pediatrics Vol. 128 No. 3 September 1, 2011: e550 -e564
Kemp AM. Abusive head trauma: recognition and the essential investigation. Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2011 Dec;96(6):202-208.
Laskey AL, Holsti M, Runyan DK, Socolar RR. Occult head trauma in young suspected victims of physical abuse. J Pediatr. 2004 Jun;144(6):719-22
Child Maltreatment 2011 -- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children’s Bureau. (2012).
A Journalist’s Guide to Shaken Baby Syndrome -- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2012)
Heads Up: Prevent Shaken Baby Syndrome -- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
National Center on Shaken Baby Syndrome