Data and Statistics
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention compiled a variety of statistics related to teen and adolescent sexual health that can help pediatricians 'make the case' for the importance of sexual health services not only in practice, but also in area-wide schools.
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services website offers adolescent reproductive health facts listed by state as well as national data.
With US teen pregnancy rates at an all-time low, health care providers play a critical role in maintaining and further reducing teen pregnancy rates through the care they provide to adolescents.
Receiving comprehensive reproductive health counseling regularly is a necessity for teens. If a teen decides to become sexually active, they need to understand their options and learn about which form of contraception is best for them. However, many do not feel comfortable going to the doctor's office. Clinicians should ask themselves whether their practice is promoting "teen-friendly" clinical services. Cicatelli Aassociates Inc (CAI) is working to increase access to and utilization of evidence-based and "teen-friendly" contraceptive and reproductive health care services. As part of this initiative, Cicatelli Associates Inc (CAI) has developed a variety of materials to support the pediatrician.
Another valuable resource focused on preventative services is the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)'s Women's Preventive Service Guidelines.
Teens and adolescents are not only receiving pregnancy prevention education in the pediatrician's office, but may be at school as well. The AAP policy statement on Sexuality Education for Children and Adolescents discusses how sexuality education has helped in preventing and reducing the risk of adolescent pregnancy, HIV, and sexually transmitted infections. The Guttmacher Institute also has an insightful policy review on Meeting the Sexual and Reproductive Health Needs of Adolescents in School-Based Health Centers.
To assist schools in linking with primary and community health services, the National Coalition of STD Directors (NCSD) has created an implementation kit for education agencies on Developing a Referral System for Sexual Health Services. The Healthy Teen Network has also created a Facilitator's Guide titled, The Keep It Simple: Linking Teens to Sexual Health Care. This guide offers a full lesson plan, video, and motion graphic. Connections for Student Success has created sample tools to implement a school-based sexual health service referral system as well. These tools include flyers and posters used to market sexual health services to students and staff, referral counting logs, documents and webinars developed to support professional development for staff making sexual health service referrals, and referral guides.
For Parents, Adolescents & Young Adults
According to CDC, almost half of all high school students reported that they had sexual intercourse in 2015. Condom and contraceptive use is critical for teens and adolescents to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. Here are some important resources to pass along to patients and parents related to pregnancy prevention.