The AAP identifies the key components of effective school-based asthma management and provides practical tips and resources to help schools and primary care providers improve care for students with asthma.
- The high prevalence of asthma and its impact on school attendance make effective asthma management a priority for schools. Asthma is a leading cause of school absence, leading to nearly 14 million missed school days per year.
- Research indicates that many students lack an asthma action plan and, particularly in low-income areas, do not have a quick-relief inhaler at school. This leads to delayed care and unnecessary 911 calls.
- Surveys indicate that school nurses are confident in managing asthma emergencies but are interested in additional training and support.
Best Practice and Clinical Guidelines for School-Based Asthma Management
- School-based Asthma Management Program (SAMPROTM), American Academy of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology
Toolkit with slide set, resources on forming a Circle of Support for students with asthma, emergency and action plan templates, and more.
- Asthma-Friendly Schools Initiative, American Lung Association
Includes step-by-step toolkit with numerous resources to build an asthma-friendly school and maximize school health services.
- Strategies for Addressing Asthma in Schools, CDC
Explanation of key practices for addressing asthma in schools, including providing asthma education, linking students to medical care, improving indoor air quality (IAQ), and developing appropriate policy and protocol.
- Managing Asthma: A Guide for Schools, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Guidance for schools on managing asthma, including tools and resources.
School-based health centers can be an excellent resource for diagnosis, education, treatment, and care coordination. See the American Academy of Pediatrics’ policy statement on this topic for more information about coordination between school-based health centers, primary care, and school health services.
Key Components of Asthma Management in Schools
Assessing your School-Based Asthma Management Efforts
- Powerful Practices: A Checklist for School Districts Addressing the Needs of Students with Asthma, AASA
Checklist to assist schools in identifying areas for improvement in asthma management
- How Asthma-Friendly is Your School?, American Lung Association
Online assessment tool on components of an asthma-friendly school
Collaboration to Support Students with Chronic Conditions, National Association of School Nurses
Asthma and Physical Activity in the School, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Managing Asthma in the School Environment (EPA)
American Academy of Pediatrics