Contraceptive education and counseling are best practices in adolescent anticipatory guidance. Pediatric health clinicians play a fundamental role in assuring contraception counseling and access are available to everyone.

Education about contraceptive options can be taught in clinical and community care settings, in schools, and at home. To best meet the needs of adolescents and young adults, it is important that this education is proactive, non-stigmatizing, comprehensive, and ongoing.

AAP supports patient-centered counseling as the most effective approach to providing individual counseling about sexual and reproductive health topics.

Note: While there is evidence to suggest economic benefits of having access to contraception, the connection between economic gains (especially societal) and contraception access are often not patient-centered. Additionally, these connections can ignore or oversimplify the experiences of communities who may have access to sexual and reproductive services, but – due to systemic racism– never attain the liberation or economic freedom that contraception claims to have. For these reasons, arguments of the economic benefits of contraception access are not included in this section.

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American Academy of Pediatrics