What is the difference between Management and Leadership?

The terms management and leadership are often viewed interchangeably, however, there are vast differences, and each play an essential role in balancing performance in a pediatric practice. One key distinction between management and leadership is that "things" such as systems and processes are managed, whereas people including patients and staff can be led. By contrasting the two, it allows for a better understanding of the differences, as well as the balance it takes for improvement. 

Management is the art of implementation. For example, a manager executes activities based upon the goals, objectives, and vision of the practice, making sure that policies and regulations are followed. This in turn can keep employees motivated to deliver on-time results, ensure smooth day-to-day operations, and stay on budget.

Organizational Charts

Organizational charts can vary widely depending on the size of the practice and is meant to provide a visually outline the reporting relationships for every employee within the practice. Examples of organizational charts are provided below.  

Basic Organizational Chart 

Typically, this organizational chart is used for small pediatric practices directed by a solo pediatrician. The pediatrician oversees the practice's operations as a whole, while the Practice Manager deals with day-to-day administrative functions of the practice. 

Chart 1resized.png

Organizational Chart with Executive Committee (Board of Directors)  

Larger pediatric practices can form an Executive Committee that oversees the Practice Manager as well as the clinical and non-clinical support staff. One of the advantages of this type of structure is that it shares decision-making authority. Each pediatrician is assigned a management area (Finance, Clinical Services, Marketing, etc.) and meets with the Board of Directors and Practice Manager, who then manage the practice based upon the executive decisions. 

Chart 2resized.jpg

"Big Picture" Organizational Chart 

Multi-site pediatric practices may typically have several layers of leadership broken out into departments with supervisors within each department. One major advantage to the “big picture” organization is that staffing responsibilities are divided among the department supervisors and does not overload the Practice Mananger/Administrator staffing responsibilities.  ​ 

Chart 3resized.jpg

Last Updated



American Academy of Pediatrics