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Medical Education

Culturally Effective Care Toolkit – Chapter 7

​​​Researchers suggest that a multicultural learning environment can be beneficial in that it "exposes students to a broad array of ideas, experiences and perspectives, and thereby better prepares them to meet the needs of a multicultural American populace."1 In addition to fostering a diverse educational and clinical climate regarding race, ethnicity, gender, and physical disability, for example, other learner-associated factors such as the inclusion and respect of foreign medical graduates should be explicitly addressed. These diverse educational learning environments coupled with robust cross-cultural curricula will foster the development of pediatricians equipped to deliver effective cross-cultural care.


  1. Saha S, Gui​ton G, Wimmers PF, Wilkerson L. Student body racial and ethnic composition and diversity-related outcomes in US medical schools. JAMA. 2008;300:1135–1145

Chapt​er 7 T​ools and Resources

Tool 7A: "Integrating Social Factors into Cross-cultural Medical Education" Green AR, Betancourt JR, Carrillo JE. Acad Med. 2002;77:193–197

Tool 7B: "The Teaching of Cultural Issues in US and Canadian Medical Schools" Flores G, Gee D, Kastner B. Acad Med. 2000;75:451–455

Tool 7C: "Components of Culture in Health for Medical Students' Education" Tervalon M. Acad Med. 2003;78:570–576

Resource 7A: "International Medical Graduate-Patient Communication: A Qualitative Analysis of Perceived Barriers" Dorgan KA, Lang F, Floyd M, Kemp E. Acad Med. 2009;84:1567–175 ​