National Preparedness Month is a good opportunity for us, as pediatricians, to consider our role in emergency and disaster preparedness planning for our own families, as well as the families and communities we serve. Preparedness within our institutions is also a critical priority. The AAP provides resources for your practice site.
Why should pediatricians become involved?
As primary care physicians, pediatricians are often the first line of care for children, and we have the most unique opportunity to provide anticipatory guidance as well as to advocate on their behalf. Issues specifically related to children are not often considered in disaster planning unless a pediatrician is actively advocating for them.
Ensuring that your institution stockpiles vaccines for children, for example, as well as appropriate medication doses and formulations based on size and weight, the right sized emergency equipment, and the appropriate delivery modules are of paramount importance. Let’s look at some examples of your role as a pediatrician at your institution and in personal preparedness, either for yourself or the families you serve.
Institutional role for the pediatrician
In terms of your institution, it is important to find out who is in charge of disaster planning and what role, if any, a pediatrician can play. Is there a pediatrician who serves as the disaster/emergency coordinator or, because of their leadership position, is part of the incident command team?
If not, you should advocate to be a member of the team to build trust and cohesion prior to a disaster and to ensure that all the needs of children are considered. Volunteer to be a part of regular drills and exercises, such as tabletop, online, and live, virtual or augmented reality exercises, to ensure scenarios involving children have been thought out. Make sure there are staff trained to deal with children on the team.
“The rise in cascading disasters across the
United States, from the historic flood here in Nebraska to the devastating
impact of Hurricane Dorian on the Bahamas and East Coast that’s still
unfolding, is a blunt reminder about the importance of being prepared.”
For 10 years prior to the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa that led to activation of the Nebraska Biocontainment Unit, our institution held hospital drills at least quarterly that included multiple stakeholders. These included pediatric providers (pediatricians, advanced pediatric nurse practitioners, behavioral health providers). This enabled the development of a highly cohesive team that had built trust with one another and were well prepared when the first patient arrived.
How to prepare yourself and the families you serve for disasters
Preparation is critical, whether it is for yourself or for the families you serve. The most important aspect is being aware of potential natural disasters or terrorist attacks and ensuring that there is a written plan of action that can be quickly activated when needed.
Your patient’s annual preventative counseling session provides a chance to ask a few probing questions, and to have handouts to provide families.
Questions to consider include:
- Do you have enough medications and other supplies for your child in the event of a prolonged emergency? (For children who need equipment that requires a power source: Do you have a backup plan in the event of a power-failure? Is there a mechanism in your community to notify fire officials or emergency response personnel that your child could need priority help in an emergency situation? ) If not, let’s talk about how we can work together on this.
- Is there an adequate supply of water, non-perishable foods and medicines to sustain your child for up to 72 hours?
- What communication plans do you have in case of separation, or for getting information on resources or updates on the disaster if power is taken down?
- Are you familiar with the emergency plans for your child’s school, child care program or church? For example, how will your child’s teacher or caregiver communicate with you in an emergency, and where is the meeting place in case of evacuation?
If a family has a written emergency plan, volunteer to look at the plans to make sure there are no gaps. You should also encourage the parents to engage their children in preparedness planning (building a Disaster Supply Kit, developing a communication plan) so that they can be fully aware and engaged prior to the disaster. Refer them to credible sources for their planning such as the AAP Family Readiness Kit, or the FEMA Ready.Gov site that provide a rich array preparedness information including videos, personal service announcements in different languages, and how to build kits among other tools.
The slogan on the FEMA website is spot-on: remember that disasters don’t plan, but you can. Preparing an emergency plan for disasters and practicing it will make you, the children you serve, and their families much more confident and safer when emergencies do occur.
* The views expressed in this article are those of the author, and not necessarily those of the American Academy of Pediatrics.
H. Dele Davies, MD, MS, MHCM, FAAP, is Senior Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Professor of Pediatrics, Infectious Diseases and Public Health at the University of Nebraska Medical Center. He is a member of the AAP Council on Disaster Preparedness and Recovery. and previously served a six-year on AAP’s Committee on Infectious Diseases. A fellow of both the Infectious Diseases Society of America and Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society of America, Davies chairs the Disaster Medicine committee of the National Biodefense Science Board.