William A. Silverman Papers Finding Aid

​​
​Lawrence Gartner, MD, FAAP and Carol Gartner, PhD
Pediatric History Center​​​
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William A. Silverman Papers Finding Aid​​


Overview​​​

Repository: Lawrence Gartner, MD, FAAP and Carol Gartner, PhD Pediatric History Center
American Academy of Pediatrics
345 Park Blvd
Itasca, IL 60143
630-626-6000
Contact Us​

Title: William A. Silverman Papers
Dates: 1945 - 2004
Physical Description: 4.5 Linear feet
Language(s): English
Summary: Manuscripts for publications and lectures, publication reprints, notes, news articles, invitations, and correspondence created throughout Dr William Silverman’s career in pediatrics, neonatology, medical education and clinical research.​

Administrative Information
Provenance: Gift from Mrs. Rose Silverman, 2006.
Information about Access: The collection is open without restriction.
Ownership & Copyright: The collection is the physical property of the Gartner Pediatric History Center. Literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns.

Biographical Note
A leader in pediatrics for more than 60 years, Dr. Silverman authored hundreds of articles, papers and lectures as well as five books. Considered the "father of neonatal care" in the United States, Dr. Silverman pioneered the burgeoning discipline of premature infant care beginning in the early 1940s. His studies of premature infant temperature control, retinopathy of prematurity, and kernicterus are considered classics in the field. He was relentless in his pursuit of "evidence" and insistence on controlled clinical trials in the field. He dedicated much of his later life to work with the blind and to experimental design issues in clinical research. Dr. Silverman graduated from the University of California School of Medicine in San Francisco in 1942. He trained at University of California Hospital in San Francisco and The Babies Hospital of Columbia University in New York. He joined the faculty of the Department of Pediatrics at Columbia in 1946 and for the next 22 years studied the problems of prematurely born infants. Even after retirement, Dr. Silverman remained a key figure in the pediatric world, lecturing, writing, editing publications and mentoring until his death in 2005.

Division of Library, AAP. “AAP History Center Opens Collection of Works of Neonatal Giant.”
​AAP Gateway, American Academy of Pediatrics, 1 Apr. 2007, www.aappublications.org/content/28/4/31​.​​​​
    1 of 11

    1. Published Papers: 1945

    2. Published Papers: 1946

    3. Published Papers: 1949

    4. Published Papers: 1950

    5. Published Papers: 1951

    6. Published Papers: 1952

    7. Published Papers: 1954

    8. Published Papers: 1955

    9. Published Papers: 1956

    10. Published Paper: "A difference in Mortality Rate and Incidence of Kernicterus Among Premature Infants Allotted to Two Prophylactic Antibacterial Regimens" April 9, 1956

    11. Published Papers: 1957

    12. Published Papers: 1958

    13. Published Papers: 1959

    14. Published Papers: 1960

    15. Published Papers: 1961

    16. Published Papers: 1962

    17. Published Papers: 1963

    18. Published Papers: 1964

    19. Published Papers: 1965

    20. Published Papers: 1966

    21. Published Paper and Notes: A Valved Mask for Respiratory Studies in the Neonate -March 1966

    22. Published Paper: "Informed Consent" September 1966

    23. Published Papers: 1967​

    24. Published Paper/Notes: "A controlled Trail of Management of Respiratory Distress Syndrome in a Body-Enclosed Respirator" -March 1967

    25. Published Papers: 1968

    26. Published Papers: 1969

    27. Published Papers: 1970

    28. Published Papers: 1971

    29. Published Papers: 1972

    30. Published Papers: 1976

    31. Published Paper: "The Lesson of Retrolental Fibroplasia" -April 1977

    32. Published Paper: "Medicine's Millenarianism" Perspectives in Biology and Medicine - Spring 1981

    33. Published Papers: 1983

    34. Published Paper: "The Public Character of Scientific Medicine" Perspectives in Biology and Medicine -1983​​​

    2 of 11

    1. Published Paper and notes w/ correspondences: "Medicine in Immoderation" 1986

    2. Published Paper and notes w/ correspondences: "Human Experimentation in Perinatology" June 1987

    3. Published Papers: 1988

    4. Published Papers: 1989

    5. Published Papers: 1991

    6. Published Papers: 1993

    7. Published Paper and notes w/ correspondences: "Random Allotment" 2000

    8. Published Paper and notes w/ correspondences: "Casting and Drawing Lots" 2002

    9. Published Paper: "Informed Consent" unknown date

    10. Published Paper and notes w/ correspondences: "Retrolental Fibroplasia: A Modern Parable" unknown date

    11. Paper Draft: "Civic Aspect of Doctor and Patient Involvement in Clinical Trials" unknown date

    12. Paper Draft: "Measurement of Preferences for Control Over Treatment Decisions Among Adults with Cancer" unknown date

    13. Paper Draft: "Phototherapy for Neonatal lcterus" unknown date

    14. Paper Draft: "Setting a Limit in the Treatment of Neonates: All or None?" unknown date

    15. Paper Draft: "Who Defines 'Futility'?" unknown date

    16. Paper Draft: "Suspended Judgment: The Most Nobel Goals of Medicine" unknown date ·

    17. Paper Draft: "The Future of Clinical Experimentation in Neonatal Medicine"unknown date

    18. Paper Draft: "History of Organized Neonatal Special Care" unknown date

    19. Published Commentary w/ Correspondences: "A Hospice Setting for Humane Neonatal Death" from Pediatrics, 1982

    20. Published Commentary w/ Correspondences: "Professional and Public Double Standards on Clinical Experimentation" Oct. 1987

    21. Published Commentary w/ Correspondences: "Is Neonatal Medicine in the U.S. Out of Step?" from Pediatrics, May 20, 1993

    22. Published Commentary w/ Correspondences: "Cooling the AsphyxiatedNewborn - Responsibly" 1997

    23. Published Commentary w/ Correspondences: "ROP- Forme Fruste" fromJournal of Perinatology, 2001

    24. Published Commentary w/ Correspondences: "The Schizophrenic Career of a 'Monster Drug"' from Pediatrics, April 22, 2002

    25. Published Commentary and draft: "Replicating Measurements" from Pediatrics, 2003

    26. Published Commentary w/ Correspondences: "The Unresolved Oxygen-Level Issue: Highjacked by Anti-trialists" from Journal of Perinatology, 2004

    27. Published Commentary w/ Correspondences: 'Compassion or Opportunism?" from Pediatrics, Feb. 2, 2004

    28. Published Essay: "Patients Preferences and Randomized Trials" from Lancet,1996

    29. Published Essay: "Crap-trapping" from Lancet, May 17, 1997

    30. Editorial w/ Correspondences: "The 'Hands-on or Hands-off' Dilemma Revisited" from Journal of Perinatology, 1987

    31. Editorial w/ Correspondences: "Bad Science and the Role of Institutional Review Boards" from Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Dec. 2000

    32. Editorial: "Disclosing the 'Inclusion Benefit"' 2002

    33. Editorial Proposal w/ Correspondences: "Retinopathy of Prematurity" to the Second Intl. Retrolental Fibroplasia Conference, July 1980​​​

    3 of 11

    1. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Fumes from the Spleen" various dates

    2. Published Article from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Mandatory Rescue of Foetal Infants" unknown date

    3. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Rule Based Folly at the Moment of Birth" 1998

    4. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "How Reliable is the Test of Time'?" 1998

    5. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Effects of Premature Exposure to Light: A Credibility Struggle" 1998

    6. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Kill the Messenger!" 1998

    7. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Secrecy and Rainmaking in Medical Research" 1999

    8. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Realism and Fairness in Clinical Trials" 1999

    9. Published Article from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Proximate Moral Anguish" 2000

    10. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Quis Custodiet lpsos Custodes? (Who Shall Keep Watch Over the Guardians?)" 2000

    11. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Overheated News of a 'Medical Breakthrough"' 2000

    12. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Making Factual Knowledge Public" 2000

    13. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "'Acceptable' and 'Unacceptable' Risks" 2001

    14. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Neurosurgical Exorcism" 2001

    15. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Getting Doctors to Talk" 2001

    16. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Myopic Rescuers" 2001

    17. Draft of Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Negative Discovery" 2002

    18. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Ambitious Overgeneralization" 2002

    19. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "'Collateral Damage' in Perinatal Warfare" 2002

    20. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Vital Decisions" 2003

    21 . Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Patients as Persons" 2003

    22. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Human Perfectibility Redux" 2003

    23. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Medicine as Warfare" 2003

    24. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Fever - Time for a Reprise?" 2004

    25. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Medicine's Therapeutic Imperative - Haunted by the Potential of Tragedy" 2004

    26. Draft of Published Article from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: 'The Pharmaceutical Industry's 'Wonder Drug"' 2004

    27. Published Article and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Regulatory Bioethics Reconsidered" 2004

    28. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Medical Arithmetick"2004

    29. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Missing and Unaccounted For" 2004

    30. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes from "From Our Own Correspondent" in Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology: "Snobbery and Gamesmanship in Medical Research" 2004​​

    4 of 11

    1. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes written under "student": "Who and What?" from Pediatrics, June 1975

    2. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Incubator Baby Side Show" from Pediatrics, Aug. 1979

    3. Published Article: "Fetal Heart-Rate Monitoring" from The Lancet, Sept. 22, 1979

    4. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Medical Inflation" from Biology and Medicine, 1980

    5. Published Article: "Mismatched Attitudes About Neonatal Death" from The Hastings Center Report, 1981

    6. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Quo Vadimus?" from Pediatrics, Nov. 5, 1981

    7. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Russian Roulette in the Nursery - Again" from Pediatrics, March 3, 1982

    8. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Subversion as a Constructive Activity in Medicine" from Perspectives in Biology Medicine, 1986

    9. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Epoche in Retinopathy of Prematurity" from Archives of Disease in Childhood, 1986

    10. Published Article w/ Correspondences: "Sample Size, Receptiveness and Credibility in Pragmatic Neonatal Trials" from American Journal of Perinatology, April 1987

    11. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "The Pejorative Image of 'Human Experimentation"' from Clinics in Perinatology, June 2, 1987

    12. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "In Search of the Spirit of Babies Hospital" from The New York Centennial, 1987

    13. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Neonatal Pediatrics at the Century Mark" from Perspectives in Medicine and Biology, Winter 1989

    14. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Over-treatment of Neonates? A Personal Retrospective" from Pediatrics, Dec. 6, 1992

    15. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Post Hoc, Propter Hoc" from Making Better Decisions, Spring 1994

    16. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "The Future of Clinical Experimentation in Neonatal Medicine" from Pediatrics, June 2, 1994

    17. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Double-Masked Screening of 'Methods' in Research Proposals" from The Lancet, 1995

    18. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Effectiveness, Efficiency ... and Subjective Choice" from Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, 1995

    19. Published Article w/ Notes: "Medical Decisions: An Appeal for Reasonableness" from Pediatrics, Dec. 6, 1996

    20. Draft of Published Article and Notes: "An Historical Perspectives on Newborn Care" from Rudolph's Pediatrics, 2000

    21. Draft of Published Article and Notes: "The 'Shoot-First. .. ' Syndrome in Neonatal Medicine" unknown publication 2001

    22. Published Article: In French "Parents of Pre-matures" from Quebec Publications, 2001

    23. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Unnatural Selection" from Pediatrics, June 6, 2001

    24. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Restraining the Unsustainable" from Pediatrics, Dec. 4, 2002

    25. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "A Cautionary Tale About

    Supplemental Oxygen: The Albatross of Neonatal Medicine" from Pediatrics, Sept. 26, 2003

    26. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "Personal Reflections About the First Randomized Trials Involving Neonates From 1951 - 1967" from Pediatrics, July 1, 2004

    27. Published Article w/ Correspondences and Notes: "On Reflection: The Power of Labels: from The Lancet, Sept. 11 , 2004

    28. Proof of Published Article: "Retinopathy of Prematurity Over the Patient's Life" for Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, unknown date

    29. Letter to the Editor and Correspondences: "The Divisive Effect of Reductionist Snobbery" from Pediatric Research, 1983

    30. Sampling of Letters to the Editor: submitted under either unidentified names or using a pseudonym, various publications

    31. Sampling of Letters to the Editor: submitted under "student", various publications

    32. Sampling of Letters to the Editor: submitted under William A. Silverman, MD, various ​publications​​

    Box 5 of 11

    1. Lecture of unknown date or place: About Blindness in Newborns

    2. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Preemies on the Pike in San Francisco"

    3. Lecture of unknown date or place: "How We Make Sense Out of Information in Medicine"

    4. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Lessons Out of the Mouths of Babes: Four Decades of Recurring Treatment Disasters Involving Neonates"

    5. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Informed Consent"

    6. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Neonatology's Unrestrained Behavior"

    7. Lecture of unknown date or place: "The Future"

    8. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Where's the Evidence?"

    9. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Balance Between Good and Harm inMedicine"

    10. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Oxygen"

    11 . Lecture of unknown date or place: "Reckless Disregard for Rules-of Evidence"

    12. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Evidence as a Buzz Word"

    13. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Moral Dilemmas of Bioethics"

    14. Lecture of unknown date or place: premature births, incubators and a 125 year old hospital

    15. Lecture of unknown date or place: controversy about the care of marginallyviable neonates

    16. Lecture of unknown date or place: "Ethical and Economical Consequences of Premature Births"

    17. Lecture of unknown date: "Evidence and Carrying Coal to New Castle" at McMaster University in Ontario​​​​

    Box 6 of 11

    ​1. Lecture: "First Richard L. Day Lectureship" at Babies Hospital in New York, April 8, 1975

    2. Lecture: "Limitations of Observational Data " at Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1980

    3. Lecture: "Daniel Y. E. Perry Research Lecture" at McMaster University Medical School in Ontario, 1982

    4. Lecture: "Richard L. Day - The Quintessential Skeptical Thinker" Presentation of the Howland Award, 1986

    5. Lecture: "Samuel Belkin Memorial Lecture" at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, 1987

    6. Lecture: "Some Concepts That Underpin Study Design" at the International Workshop for Neonatologists in Zurich, 1987

    7. Lecture: "Neonatal Pediatrics at the Century Mark" at the Centennial Meeting of the American Pediatric Society in Washington D.C., May 3, 1988

    8. Lecture: "Retrolental Fibroplasia: Guide Dogs and the Blind" 1990

    9. Lecture: "Celebration of Gabriel Due's 60th Birthday" Jan. 16, 1992

    10. Lecture: New York Academy of Science, March 1993

    11. Lecture w/ Correspondences: "The Windermere Lecture: The Line Between 'Knowing" and 'Doing"' at Oxford, 1994

    12. Lecture: "Effectiveness and Efficiency'' at the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England, march 17, 1994

    13. Lecture: "F. Stanley Porter Lecture" at Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk, VA. June 2, 1994

    14. Lecture w/ Correspondences: "In Memory of Adolphe Pinard and Pierre: 100 Years of Child Care in Port Royal" in Paris, Oct. 1995

    15. Lecture: "From Authority Based to Evidence - Based Care of the Neonate" at Gartner Symposium in Chicago, May 1998

    16. Lecture: " Hands-on" at McMaster University in Ontario 1998

    17. Lecture w/ Correspondences and Notes: 'The Newfangled Morality: Bioethics" at the League of Women Voters, Oct. 8, 1999

    18. Lecture: " Ethics of Caring for Extremely Premature Infants" at the University of Texas in Houston, March 15, 2000

    19. Lecture: "Frances Glenn Mayson" in Atlanta, May 3, 2000

    20. Lecture: At the California Assoc. of Neonatologists, March 3, 2001

    21. Lecture: "Thomas Cone Lecture on Perinatal History'' in San Francisco, Oct. 20, 2001

    22. Lecture: "Enkin Lecture" at McMaster University in Ontario, May 2, 2002

    23. Lecture: in Winnipeg, 2003​​​

    Box 7 of 11

    1. Various Correspondences: 1957

    2. Various Correspondences: 1968

    3. Various Correspondences: 1977

    4. Various Correspondences: 1978

    5. Various Correspondences: 1979

    6. Various Correspondences: 1980

    7. Various Correspondences: 1981

    8. Various Correspondences: 1982

    9. Various Correspondences: 1986

    10. Various Correspondences: 1987

    11. Various Correspondences: 1989

    12. Various Correspondences: 1991

    13. Various Correspondences: 1994

    14. Various Correspondences: 1995

    15. Various Correspondences: 1996

    16. Various Correspondences: 1997

    17. Various Correspondences: 1998

    18. Various Correspondences: 1999​​​

    Box 8 of 11

    1. Various Correspondences: 2000

    2. Various Correspondences: 2001

    3. Various Correspondences: 2002

    4. Various Correspondences: 2003

    5. Various Correspondences: 2004​​

    Box 9 of 11

    ​1. Book Notes and Correspondences: Human Experimentation

    2. Book Notes and Correspondences: Where's the Evidence?

    3. Book Reviews by various publications of Dr. Silverman's Book: Retrolental Fibroplasia - A Modern Parable, book published 1980

    4. Book Reviews by various publications of Dr. Silverman's Book: Human Experimentation: A Guided Step into the Unknown, book published 1985

    5. Book Reviews by various publications of Dr. Silverman's Book: Retinopathy of Prematurity, book published 1985

    6. Book Reviews by various publications of Dr. Silverman's Book: Ethics and Perinatology. book published 1995

    7. Book Reviews by various publications of Dr. Silverman's Book: Where's the Evidence? book published 1999

    8. Book Review by Dr. Silverman and Correspondences: Preschool IQ - Perinatal and Early Developmental Correlates, Oct. 1975

    9. Various Book Reviews by Dr. Silverman: 1986 - 1996

    10. Other Doctors About Whom Dr. Silverman Wrote: Virginia Apgar

    11. Other Doctors About Whom Dr. Silverman Wrote: L. Joseph Butterfield

    12. Other Doctors About Whom Dr. Silverman Wrote: John Caffey

    13. Other Doctors About Whom Dr. Silverman Wrote: Archie Cochrane

    14. Other Doctors About Whom Dr. Silverman Wrote: Thomas Cone

    15. Other Doctors About Whom Dr. Silverman Wrote: Dick Day

    16. Other Doctors About Whom Dr. Silverman Wrote: Ethel Dunham

    17. Other Doctors About Whom Dr. Silverman Wrote: Sir Austin "Tony" Bradford Hill

    18. Other Doctors About Whom Dr. Silverman Wrote: Rusty McIntosh

    19. Publication Edited by Dr. Silverman: "Suspended Judgment: Memories of the British Streptomycin Trial in TB" by Sir Austin Bradford Hill, 1990

    20. Other Publication Citing Dr. Silverman's Works: Various Publications​

    Box 10 of 11

    1. Groups and Projects: Correspondences and Material for Hastings Center "Goals of Medicine Project", 1994

    2. Groups and Projects: Correspondences and Material for the Scientific Integrity Working Group, Oct. 20, 1994

    3. Groups and Projects: Correspondences and Material for POST ROP (Pulse Oximetry Saturation Trial for Prevention of Retinopathy of Prematurity), 2003

    4. Volunteer Work: Blind Babies Foundation

    5. Awards: Literature and Correspondences - Mead Johnson Award, Oct. 21, 1958

    6. Awards: Literature and Correspondences - Apgar Award, Oct. 16, 1979

    7. Awards: Literature and Correspondences - 1956 paper declared a "Citation Classic", Feb. 1980

    8. Awards: Literature and Correspondences - BMA Medical Book Award

    9. Awards: Literature and Correspondences - William G. Bartholome Award for Ethical Excellence at American Academy of Pediatrics, Oct. 12, 2001

    10. Awards: Literature and Correspondences -American Foundation for the Blind Migel Medal, Nov. 4, 2003

    11. Articles about Dr. Silverman, along with tributes and thanks: Various Publications

    12. Speech about Dr. Silverman: by Brian Wallstin

    13. In Memory Of: Lankspur Library Honoring the Memory of William A. Silverman, MD

    14. DVD: Bill Silverman - A celebration of his life March 18, 2005​

    Box 11 of 11

    1. Encyclopedia Britannica: Dr. Silverman's contribution about incubators, 1959

    2. Work on Retrolental Fibroplasia: various notes, correspondences and materials

    3. Materials: Incubator Babies

    4. Cartoons: Various clippings that Dr. Silverman put in lectures and publications

    5. Quotes: Various clippings that Dr. Silverman put in lectures and publications 

    6. Illustrations for Yaglow Lecture, 1960

    7. Photo of Dr. Silverman with Sir Austin Bradford Hill, 1982

    8. Photo for Publication: "The Public Character of Scientific Medicine", 1983

    9. Photos and Slides of Howland Award to Richard Day, MD, May 1986

    10. Photos for Lecture: Samuel Belkin Memorial at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, 1987

    11. Slides and Negative: "Over treatment of Neonates?" Dec. 6, 1992

    12. Misc. Slides and Photos for Various Lectures​​​

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