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Oral Histories

 
​​

​The American Academy of Pediatrics Pediatric History Center is working to preserve and document the rich heritage of the profession of pediatrics. Established through a generous grant from the late Harry A. Towsley, MD, FAAP, the center is located within the Drs Harry and Ruth Bakwin Library at AAP headquarters. Guided by the Historical Archives Advisory Committee (HAAC), the center is engaged in collecting documents and memorabilia related to the history and development of the profession of pediatric and child health care, maintaining the AAP archives, and producing oral histories of leaders in the advancement of children's health care. Funding obtained through donations from individuals, groups, or corporations supports the production of the oral histories that help to preserve the contributions of individuals and their roles in important topics and developments in the health care of children.

Interviews with selected pediatricians and other leaders in the advancement of children's health care are conducted and preserved as part of the center's oral history project. Recordings and transcripts of interviews provide narrative accounts of important developments in the care of children and augment the center's written, recorded, and photographic records of pediatric history.

Selection Process:

Subjects for oral histories are selected by the HAAC based on recommendations from individual fellows as well as committee, section, chapter, and district leadership. Individuals who have been prominent in the advancement of children’s health may be recommended as oral history candidates by any person or organization. Candidates are prioritized in relation to urgency and importance by the HAAC. Individuals, groups, and/or corporations funding an oral history may select a particular person to be interviewed but will require final approval from the HAAC.

Interviews:
Interviews are completed by volunteers who have been trained in the oral history process. They may vary in length up to 10 hours and upon completion will include a verbatim transcript of the interview. The transcripts are made available in the AAP Pediatric History Center along with the original recordings. Printed transcripts are also available for loan to fellows and for sale to fellows and other researchers.

This project is supported by donations from individuals, organizations, and corporations.


Altman, R. Peter, MD
1934 - 2011
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Rochester, School of Medicine
New York Medical College

Internship and Residency:
Mount Sinai Hospital, New York
Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston

Career:
Professor of Surgery, College of Physicians and Surgeons Columbia University, New York
Surgeon-in-chief, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York, Presbyterian Hospital
Vice President for Medical Affairs, Physician-in-chief, Children's Health System, New York Presbyterian Hospital

Keywords:
Pediatric Surgeon, Hepato-bilary surgery
Top of Page


Annunziato, David, MD
1921 - 2011
View the Oral History

Education:
Wagner College
Long Island College of Medicine

Internship / Residency:
St. John's Hospital, Brooklyn
Charles V. Chapin Hospital, Providence

Career:
Private Practice
Director Pediatrics, Brunswick Hospital Center
Director Pediatrics, Good Samaritan Hospital

Keywords:
U.S. Navy, Exchange Transfusion, Measles, Polio, Tuberculosis
Top of Page

Arnold, Milton, MD
1925 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Franklin Marshall College, Lancaster
Chicago Medical School, Chicago

Internship and Residency:
UCLA, Harbor General Hospital, Torrance
Pediatric Contagious Diseases USC, Los Angeles County General Hospital

Career:
Private Practice
Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, UCLA

Keywords:
Head Start program, U.S. Army
Top of Page


Aronson, Susan S., MD
1941-
View the Oral History​

Education:
University of Rochester, Case Western Reserve Univesity


Internship and Residency: Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx Municipal Hospital Center; Fellow in Comprehensive Care, Children’s Hospital of the District of Columbia; Faculty Institute on Medical Care Teaching, University of Michigan

Career: Associate Professor, The Medical College of Pennsylvania;
Clinical Professor, University of Pennsylvania


Keywords:
Early Childhood Education and Care, Advocacy, Head Start​
Top of Page



Avery, Mary Ellen, MD
1927- 2011
View the Oral History

Education:
Wheaton College
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore

Internship and Residency:
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Harvard Medical School

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University
Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Physician-in-Chief, The Children's Hospital, Boston

Keywords:
Surfactant Pulmonary
Top of Page

Bain, Katherine
1897-1999
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Missouri, Columbia
Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis

Internship and Residency:
Children's Hospital, San Francisco
St. Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis

Career:
Department of Health, Education and Welfare
Children's Bureau
United Nations Internation Child Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

Keywords:
International Child Health, Children's Bureau, Emergency Maternity and Infant Care
Top of Page

Barlow, Barbara, MD
1938-
View the Oral History

Education:
Columbia University
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
Bronx Municipal Hospital, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Babies Hospital, Columbia

Career:
Professor of Surgery, Columbia University
Surgery, Harlem Hospital Center

Keywords:
Surgery, Playground, New York, Harlem
Top of Page

Barness, Lewis A., MD
1921-
View the Oral History

Education:
Harvard College
Harvard Medical School

Internship and Residency:
Philadelphia General Hospital
Children's Hospital, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston
Harvard Medical School and Children's Hospital

Career:
Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics University of South Florida
Professor of Public Health, University of South Florida

Keywords:
Nutrition, Philadelphia, University of South Florida, U.S. Army
Top of Page

Barnett, Henry L., MD
1914-2001
View the Oral History

Education:
Washington University, St. Louis
Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis
London School of Hygeine and Tropical Medicine

Internship and Residency:
St. Louis Children's Hospital

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx
Medical Director, The Children's Aid Society, New York

Keywords:
Kidney, New York
Top of Page

Bartlett, Robert H., MD
1939 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Albion College, Albion
University of Michigan Medical School

Internship and Residency:
Peter Bent Brigham and Children's Hospital, Boston

Career:
Professor of Surgery, Sections of General and Thoracic Surgery, University of Michigan
Director, Critical Care, Section of General Surgery
Director, Surgical Intensive Care Unit

Keywords:
Surgery, Michigan Medical School
Top of Page

Beardmore, Harvey, MD
1921 - 2007
View the Oral History

Education:
McGill University, Montreal

Internship and Residency:
Montreal General Hospital
Queen Mary Veterans' Hospital, Montreal
Children's Memorial Hospital, Montreal

Career:
Professor, Department of Surgery, McGill University
Training Director, Post-Graduate Course, Pediatric General Surgery

Keywords:
Surgery, Montreal Children's Hospital
Top of Page

Berlin, Cheston Jr., MD
1936 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Haverford College, Pennsylvania
Harvard Medical School, Boston

Internship and Residency:
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston
Senior Assistant Surgeon U.S. Public Health Service

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey
Professor of Pharmacology, Pennsylvania State University
Director PKU Clinic, Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Pennsylvania State University

Keywords:
Surgery, Pharmacology, Penn. St., Harvard
Top of Page

Brazelton, T. Berry, MD
1918 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Princeton University
Columbia University

Internship and Residency:
Rossevelt Hospital, New York
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
The Children's Hospital, Boston

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School and Children's Hospital, Boston
Senior Associate in Medicine, The Children's Hospital, Boston
Pediatrician, Boston Hospital for Women, Boston

Keywords:
Harvard, Children's Hospital Boston
Top of Page

Brewer Jr., Earl Johnson, MD
1927 - 2015
View the Oral History

Education: 
University of Texas, Texas
Texas Christian University, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine, Texas


Internship and Residency: 
Baylor College of Medicine, Texas
The Children's Hospital Medical Center, Harvard Medical
School, Boston, MA
Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas


Career:
US Army
Head, Pediatric Rheumatology Section and Clinical Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, 1958-88
Chief, Rheumatology Center and Department, Texas Children's Hospital, 1958-88
Founder & Chairman, Pediatric Department, Kelsey-Seybold Clinic, 1962-83
Director, Regional Pediatric Rheumatology Center, DHHS Bureau of Maternal and Child Health, Texas Crippled Children's Services, 1982-88
Project Director, Coordinated Care Program, Kelsey-Seybold Foundation for Medical Research and Education, SPRANS Project, Bureau of Maternal and Child Health, Department of Health and Human Services,
Washington, D.C., 1986-1990


Keywords: U.S Army, 
Top of Page

Brown, Audrey K., MD
1923-2001
View the Oral History

Education:
Barnard College, Columbia University
Columbia University School of Graduate Studies
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University

Internship and Residency:
Columbia Medical Division, Bellevue Hospital, New York
Children's Medical Service, Bellevue Hospital

Career:
Professor, Medical College of Georgia
Professor of Pediatrics, State University of New York, Health Science Center at Brooklyn
Attending Physician, State University of New York, Health Science Center at Brooklyn

Keywords:
Hyperbilirubinemia, Bilirubin, Jaundice, Neonatal
Top of Page

Butterfield, L. Joseph, MD
1926-1999
View the Oral History

Education:
University of New Mexico
University of Colorado School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
University of California, San Francisco Hospital
The Children's Hospital, Denver

Career:
Medical Director Newborn Center, The Children's Hospital
Chairman Department of Perinatology, The Children's Hospital

Keywords:
Perinatology, Neonatology, Denver Children's Hospital
Top of Page

Cone, Thomas E. Jr., MD
1915-1997
View the Oral History

Education:
Columbia College, New York
Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York

Internship and Residency:
Lenox Hill Hospital, New York

Career:
Medical Corps, U.S. Navy
Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School
Chief Medical Ambulatory Services, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston

Keywords:
U.S. Navy, Pediatrics
Top of Page

Cooke, Robert E., MD
1920-
View the Oral History

Education:
Sheffield Scientific School
Yale University School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
New Haven Hospital

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins Hospital
Pediatrician-in-chief, Johns Hopkins Hospital
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin

Keywords:
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Mental retardation, Kennedy's, Johns Hopkins
Top of Page

Dancis, Joseph, MD
1916 - 2010
View the Oral History

Education:
Columbia College
St. Louis University School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
Queens General Hospital, New York
Bellevue Hospital, New York

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine
Chairman of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine

Keywords:
U.S. Army, Research, Pediatric Practice, National Institutes of Health
Top of Page

Denmark, Leila, MD
1898 - 2012
View the Oral History

Education:
Mercer University, Maroon
Medical College of Georgia, Augusta

Internship and Residency:
Henrietta Egleston Hospital for Children, Atlanta
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Career:
Private practice of pediatrics in Atlanta

Keywords:
Whooping Cough, Day Care, Nutrition, Breastfeeding
Top of Page

Desmond, Murdina M., MD
1916-2003
View the Oral History

Education:
Smith College, Northampton
Temple University School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
Lincoln Hospital, Bronx
New York Hospital, New York
District of Columbia General Hospital

Career:
Baylor College of Medicine
Methodist Hospital
Leopold L. Meyer Center for Developmental Pediatrics, Texas Children's Hospital

Keywords:
U.S. Navy, Follow-up Care
Top of Page

Diamond, Eugene F., MD
1926-
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Notre Dame
Loyola University

Internship and Residency:
University of Chicago

Career:
Pediatric Practice
Professor of Pediatrics, Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine
Visiting Professor, Rush Medical College

Keywords:
Down's Syndrome, Bioethics, Emergency Room, Baby Jane Doe
Top of Page

Disney, Frank A., MD
1911 - 2000
View the Oral History

Education:
Hamilton College
Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons

Internship and Residency:
Babies Hospital, New York City
Strong Memorial Hospital

Career:
Private Practice Pediatrics, Rochester

Keywords:
House Calls, Private Practice
Top of Page

Donahoe, Patricia K., MD
View the Oral History

Education:
Boston University
Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons

Internship and Residency:
Tufts New England Medical Center, Boston

Career:
Professor in Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Boston
Pediatrics Surgical Services, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston

Keywords:
Surgery
Top of Page

Dudrick, Stanley J., MD
1935 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia

Internship and Residency:
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania

Career:
Professor of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine
Attending Surgeon, St. Mary's Hospital, Yale Affiliate

Keywords:
Parental Nutrition, Surgery, Hydrolysates
Top of Page

Eaton, Antionette, MD
1931 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Geneva College, Beaver Falls
Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia

Internship and Residency:
Youngstown Hospital Association, Youngstown
Children's Hospital

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics and Preventive Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus
Corporate Director, Government Affairs, Children's Hospital, Columbus
Medical Staff, Children's Hospital and Ohio State University Hospitals, Columbus

Keywords:
Breastfeeding, Advocacy, Preventive Medicine
Top of Page

Fanaroff, Avroy, MD
1938 -
View the Oral History

Education:
University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, London

Internship and Residency:
Johannesburg General Hospital
Middlesex Hospital, London

Career:
Director of Nurseries, University Hospitals of Cleveland
Professor of Pediatricians, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland
Professor of Reproductive Biology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland

Keywords:
South Africa, Nurse Practitioner, Neonatology, Perinatology
Top of Page

Fonkalsrud, Eric W., MD
1932 -
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Washington, Seattle
The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore

Internship and Residency:
The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore
UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles

Career:
Founding Chief, Division of Pediatric Surgery, UCLA School of Medicine

Keywords:
Surgery, UCLA
Top of Page



Garell, Dale
1935 -
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Colorado

Internship and Residency:
University of California, San Francisco
University of Colorado

Career:
Professor, USC
Professor of Pediatrics, Oregon Health Sciences University

Keywords:
Society for Adolescent Medicine, Humanistic Medicine, Adolescent Medicine
Top of Page

Gluck, Louis, MD
1924-1997
View the Oral History

Education:
Rutgers University, New Brunswick
University of Chicago

Internship and Residency:
University of Chicago
Babies Hospital, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics and Obstetrics, University of California, Irvine, College of Medicine
Head Division of Neonatal/ Perinatal Medicine, University of California, Irvine Medical Center

Keywords:
Neonatology, Perinatology, Managed Care
Top of Page

Green, Morris, MD
1922-
View the Oral History

Education:
Indiana University, Bloomington
Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis

Internship and Residency:
Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis
University of Illinois, Research and Education Hospitals

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine
Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine
Physicians-in-Chief, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University School of Medicine

Keywords:
Child Psychiatry, U.S. Army, Developmental Pediatrics
Top of Page

Grosfeld, Jay L., MD
1935 -
View the Oral History

Education:
New York University, New York
New York University School of Medicine, New York

Internship and Residency:
New York University, Bellevue and University Hospitals, New York
Children's Hospital, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus

Career:
Professor and Director of Pediatric Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis

Keywords:
Surgery, U.S. Army, Basketball, Parent Nutrition
Top of Page

Grossman, Moses, MD
1921 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Hong Kong University
University of California, Berkley
University of California, San Francisco

Internship and Residency:
University of California Hospital, San Francisco
Bellevue Hospital, New York
University of California, San Francisco

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco
Vice-Chairman of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco

Keywords:
Polio, U.S. Army, Child Abuse
Top of Page

Haggerty, Robert J., MD
1935 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Cornell University
Cornell University Medical College

Internship and Residency:
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston

Career:
Editor Pediatrics in Review
Attending Pediatrician, New York Hospital
Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Cornell University Medical College

Keywords:
Community Pediatrics, Home Care
Top of Page

Haller, J. Alex, Jr., MD
1927 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Vanderbilt University
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
Johns Hopkins Hospital Department of Surgery, Baltimore

Career:
Children's Surgeon-in-Charge, Johns Hopkins Hospital
Professor of Surgery and Pediatric Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine
Professor of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University

Keywords:
Surgery, Johns Hopkins, Trauma
Top of Page

Hays, Daniel M., MD
View the Oral History

Education:
Cornell Medical College

Internship and Residency:
Children's Hospital Boston

Career:
Harvard Medical School
University of California, San Francisco
University of California, Los Angeles
University of Southern California

Keywords:
Chemotherapy, Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, Rhabdomyosarcoma
Top of Page

Hendren, W. Hardy, III, MD
1926 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Dartmouth College
Dartmouth Medical School
Harvard Medical School

Internship and Residency:
Massachusetts General Hospital
Children's Hospital, Boston

Career:
Professor of Surgery, Harvard
Surgeon, Massachusetts General Hospital
Surgeon, Brigham and Women's Hospital Boston
Surgeon, Children's Hospital Boston

Keywords:
U.S. Navy
Top of Page

Hodgman, Joan E., MD
1926 -
View the Oral History

Education:
University of California San Francisco School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
University of California Hospital, San Francisco
Harbor General Hospital, Torrance
Los Angeles County General Hospital

Career:
Pediatric Physician, University of Southern California Medical Center
Director Newborn Division, University of Southern California
Attending Staff, Rancho Los Amigos Hospital

Keywords:
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Kernicterus, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Top of Page

Holder, Thomas, MD
1926 -
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Mississippi, Oxford
Bowman Gray School of Medicine of Wake Forest University, Winston Salem

Internship and Residency:
Jefferson Medical College Hospital, Philadelphia
Children's Hospital Boston

Career:
Professor of Surgery, University of Kansas
Clinical Professor of Surgery, University of Missouri at Kansas City, School of Medicine
Cheif of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City

Keywords:
University of Kansas, Children's Mercy Hospital, American Pediatric Surgical Association
Top of Page

Jenkins, Melvin, MD
1922 -
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Kansas, Lawrence
University of Kansas College of Medicine, Kansas City

Internship and Residency:
Freedmen's Hospital, Washington, D.C.
Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore

Career:
Professor and Chairman of Pediatrics and Child Health, Howard University College of Medicine
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska
Chief Pediatrician, Freedmen's Hospital, Howard University Hospital
Senior Attending Pediatrician, Children's Hospital National Medical Center, Washington D.C.

Keywords:
Sickle cell disease, University of Kansas, Howard University
Top of Page

Katz, Samuel, MD
1927 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Dartmouth College
Harvard University

Internship and Residency:
Beth Israel Hospital, Boston
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston

Career:
Pediatrician, Beth Israel Hospital, Boston
Professor of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston
Professor and Chairman of Department of Pediatrics, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham

Keywords:
World Health Organization, Vaccine, Polio, Measles
Top of Page

Kendig, Edwin L. Jr., MD
1911 - 2003
View the Oral History

Education:
Hampden-Sydney College
University of Virginia

Internship and Residency:
Medical College of Virginia, Richmond
Bellevue Hospital, New York
Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore
Babies Hospital, Wilmington

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, Virginia Commonwealth University
Director of Pediatrics, St. Mary's Hospital

Keywords:
University of Virginia, Tuberculosis, Subspecialists, Antibiotics
Top of Page

Klaus, Marshall, MD
View the Oral History

Education:
Western Reserve University

Internship and Residency:
Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, University of California San Francisco
Director of Academic Affairs, Children's Hospital Oakland
Professor and Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics, Michigan State University, East Lansing
Professor of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine

Keywords:
Surfactant, Doula, Breastfeeding, Bonding
Top of Page

Klein, Jerome O, MD
1931-
View the Oral ​History

Education:
Union College, Schenectady, New York
Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven CT (1956)


Internship and Residency: 
University of Minnesota Hospitals, Minneapolis MN (1957), 
Boston Medical Center, Boston MA (1961)
Fellowship in Pediatric/Adult Infectious Disease, Boston Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston MA (1961)


Career: 
Professor of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston MA
Pediatrician, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA and Children’s Boston Hospital, Boston, MA​

Top of Page
Koop, C. Everett, MD, ScD
1916 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Dartmouth College
Cornell University Medical College
University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Children's Hospital, Boston

Career:
Surgeon General, United State Public Health Service
Surgeon-in-Chief, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Professor of Pediatric Surgery, University of Pennsylvania
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania

Keywords:
Tobacco, Surgeon General, Down Syndrome, World War II
Top of Page

Lanzkowsky, Philip, MD
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Cape Town Medical School, Cape Town
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of London

Internship and Residency:
Groote Shuur Hospital, Cape Town
Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hosptial, Cape Town

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, Health Sciences Center, State University of New York at Stony Brook
Chief of Pediatrics, Long Island Jewish Medical Center
Professor of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Yeshiva University

Keywords:
Long Island Jewish Hospital, Schneider Children's Hospital
Top of Page

Lubchenco, Lula, MD
1915 - 2001
View the Oral History

Education:
Denver University
University of Colorado

Internship and Residency:
Colorado General / University of Colorado Hospital
Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester
Children's Hospital Colorado

Career:
Pediatrician, The Premature and Newborn Center
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Colorado

Keywords:
Down Syndrome, Developmental Growth Chart, Neonatology, Retrolental Fibroplasia
Top of Page

Lucey, Jerold, MD
View the Oral History

Education:
Dartmouth College
New York University College of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
Bellevue Hospital, New York
Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York
Harvard Medical School, Boston

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Vermont College of Medicine
Chief of Newborn Services, Medical Center Hospital of Vermont
Editor-in-Chief, Pediatrics

Keywords:
Phototherapy, Pediatrics, Kenicterus, Bilirubin
Top of Page

Manning, John, MD
View the Oral History

Education:
Boston College
Tufts University School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
U.S. Naval Hospital, Portsmouth
Union Hospital / Charlton Memorial Hospital
Long Island College Hospital, Brooklyn
Boston Floating Hospital, Boston

Career:
Private Practice of Pediatrics, Fall River
Chief of Pediatrics, St. Anne's Hospital, Fall River

Keywords:
Special Needs Children, U.S. Navy, Tufts University School of Medicine
Top of Page

Margileth, Andrew M., MD
1920 -
View the Oral History

Education:
 Washington & Jefferson College, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of Cincinnati

Internship and Residency:
 Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD; Johns Hopkins Hospital; US Naval Dispensary, Washington, DC; Com Serv Pac Dispensary, Honolulu; Tripler Army Hospital; Corona Naval Hospital; Chelsea Naval Hospital

Career:
 Clinical Associate Professor, Georgetown University Medical School; Clinical Associate, Howard University Medical School; Senior Attending, Children’s Hospital National Medical Center; Professor, Associate Chairman, Georgetown University Medical School; Professor & Vice Chairman, Uniformed Services University; Clinical Professor, University of Virginia Medical Center; Clinical Professor, Mercer University School of Medicine; Clinical Professor, University of Florida/Shands

Keywords:
 Uniformed Services, Dermatology, Cat-Scratch Disease
Top of Page


Markowitz, Milton, MD
1918 - 2005
View the Oral History

Education:
Syracuse University
Syracuse University College of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
Morrisiania City Hospital, New York
Harriet Lane Home, The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Medical Corps, United States Navy

Career:
Private Practice of Pediatrics, Baltimore
Professor in Pediatrics, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Professor and Head, Department of Pediatrics, The University of Connecticut School of Medicine

Keywords:
U.S. Navy, Streptococci, Sulf Drug, Penicillin, Rheumatic Fever
Top of Page

Martin, Lester, MD
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Missouri
Harvard Medical School

Internship and Residency:
Cornell University Medical College, New York Hospital
Boston Children's Hospital, Boston

Career:
Cincinnati Children's Hospital

Keywords:
Ulcerative colitis, World War II, Cincinnati Children's Hospital
Top of Page

McKay, James R, MD
1933 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Princeton
Harvard Medical School

Internship and Residency:
Babies Hospital of Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center
Boston Children's Hospital
Harvard Medical School

Career:
Private Pediatric Practice, Burlington
Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, University of Vermont College of Medicine

Keywords:
Women Pediatricians, University of Vermont, Pediatrics
Top of Page

Morrow, Grant III, MD
View the Oral History

Education:
Haverford College, Haverford
University of Pennsylvania

Internship and Residency:
University of Colorado, Denver General Hospital
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania

Career:
Professor, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Professor, University of Arizona School of Medicine
Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University College of Medicine

Keywords:
Methylmalonic academia, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Top of Page

Nyhan, William, MD
1926 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Harvard University
Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons
University of Illinois

Internship and Residency:
Yale University and the Grace-New Haven Community Hospital, Department of Pediatrics
U.S. Navy and Army

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics and Biochemistry and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine
Professor and Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego

Keywords:
Propionic Academia, Johns Hopkins University, U.S. Armed Services, U.S. National Institutes of Health
Top of Page

O'Hare, Donna , MD
1933 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Sarah Lawrence Collage, New York
New York University, New York

Internship and Residency:
Bellevue Hospital, New York

Career:
Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine
Associate Director, Children's Chest Clinic, Bellevue Hospital

Keywords:
Public Health, Tuberculosis, Title V / Social Security Act, Medicaid / Medicare, Managed Care
Top of Page

O'Neill, James A. Jr., M.D.
1933 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Georgetown University
Yale University

Internship and Residency:
Vanderbilt University Hospital, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Career:
Professor of Surgery and Chairman, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine
Surgeon-in-Chief, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Professor of Pediatric Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Keywords:
Vanderbilt Medical Center, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Yale School of Medicine
Top of Page

Oh, William, M.D.
View the Oral History

Education:
 Columbia University
Johns Hopkins, University

 

Internship and Residency: Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York

Career: Fellow in hepatology, neonatology, and research, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York
Director, Divisions of Neonatology and Gastroenterology, Pediatric Research Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York
Chairman, Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago
Director, Wyler Children's Hospital 

Top of Page


Pena, Alberto, MD
1938 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Military Medical School, Mexico City

Internship and Residency:
Central Military Hospital, Mexico City
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston
Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston

Career:
Chief, Pediatric Surgery, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish North Shore Health Systems, New York
Professor of Surgery and Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York
Director, Colorectal Center for Children Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Keywords:
Puborectalis Muscle, Pectus Excavatum, Nuss Procedure, Anorectal Malformations
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Randolph, Judson, MD
1927 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Vanderbilt University, Nashville
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
University of Rochester, New York
Vanderbilt University
The Children's Hospital Boston
Massachusetts General Hospital

Career:
Professor of Surgery, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
Surgeon-in-Chief, Children's National Medical Center
Consulting Surgeon, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland
Consulting Surgeon, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, D.C.

Keywords:
Vanderbilt, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital
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Richmond, Julius B., MD
1916 - 2008
View the Oral History

Education:
University of Illinois, Urbana and Chicago

Internship and Residency:
Cook County Hospital, Chicago
Municipal Contagious Diseases Hospital, Chicago
Cook County Children's Hospital, Chicago

Career:
Professor, Harvard Medical School
Director, Harvard Medical School
Pediatrician and Chief of Service, Syracuse Memorial Hospital, Syracuse

Keywords:
Psychological Development, Child Development, Child Psychiatry, Poverty
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Rowe, Marc I., MD
1930 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Brown University
Tufts University School of Medicine

Internship and Residency:
Boston City Hospital
Children's Hospital Boston
Columbus Children's Hospital

Career:
Professor of Pediatric Surgery, University of Chicago
University of Miami
University of Pittsburgh

Keywords:
Small Bowel Transplantation, Transplant Surgery, Bacterial Translocation
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Rudolph, Abraham M., MD
1924-
View the Oral History

Education:
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Internship and Residency:
Johannesburg General Hospital
Transvaal Memorial Hospital for Children
Harvard Medical School, Boston
Children Hospital Medical Center, Boston

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco
Chief Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco
Professor of Pediatric Cardiology, University of California, San Francisco

Keywords:
Pediatric Education, Fetal Physiology, Pediatric Cardiology, Congenital Heart Disease
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Rushton, Francis, MD
- 2011
View the Oral History

Education:
Washington and Lee University
University of Virginia

Internship and Residency:
University of Michigan, University Hospital
University of Michigan
University of Florida

Career:
Private Practice of Pediatrics, Sarasota
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Florida
Chief, Sarasota Memorial Hospital

Keywords:
University of Florida, Community Access to Child Health (CATCH)
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Sanders, Robert S, MD
1927 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Vanderbilt University Medical School

Internship and Residency:
Vanderbilt University Hospital
University of California, San Francisco, Medical Center

Career:
Professor, Vanderbilt University Medical School
Director, Rutherford County Health Department, Murfreesboro
Medical Examiner, Rutherford County

Keywords:
Vanderbilt University, Gun Control, Automotive Child Restraint
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Schiebler, Gerold L., MD
1928-
View the Oral History

Education:
Franklin and Marshall College, Lancaster
Harvard Medical School, Boston

Internship and Residency:
Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
Harvard Medical School
University of Minnesota Hospital, Minneapolis

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Florida College of Medicine
Chairman Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida \ College of Medicine

Keywords:
World War II, Crippled Children's Bureau, Children's Medical Services
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Sehring, Dewey
View the Oral History

Education:
Queens College
Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Winston-Salem

Career:
M and R Dietetic Laboratories
Ross Laboratories

Keywords:
Ross Conferences, Ross Laboratories, Yale School of Medicine, U.S. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Virginia Apgar Award
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Shaffer, Thomas E., MD
1908 - 2003
View the Oral History

Education:
Cornell University
Cornell University Medical College

Internship and Residency:
Yale, New Haven Hospital

Career:
Professor, Department of Preventive Medicine, Ohio State University
Director, Newborn Services, Ohio State University, University Hospital
Staff Pediatrician, Columbus Children's Hospital
Director, Adolescent Health Services, Columbus Children's Hospital

Keywords:
U.S. Army, Sports Medicine, Columbus Children's Hospital, Ohio State University
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Sia, Calvin C. J., MD
1927 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Dartmouth College, Hanover
Columbia University, New York
Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland

Internship and Residency:
U.S. Army Medical Corps
Kauikeolani Children's Hospital, Honolulu

Career:
Private Practice
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Hawaii School of Medicine
School Physician, Pediatric Consultant, Hawaii School for Deaf and Blind, Statewide Center for Sensory Impaired

Keywords:
Medical Home, Medicaid, Children with Disabilities, Child Abuse
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Silverman, William, MD
1917 -
View the Oral History

Education:
University of California
University of California Medical School

Internship and Residency:
University of California Hospital
Babies Hospital, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University
Pediatrician, Babies Hospital, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York

Keywords:
Retrolental Fibroplasia, Premature Infant Station, Polio, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center
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Starzl, Thomas E., MD, PhD
1926 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Northwestern University

Career: Professor and Chairman of Surgery, University of Colorado
Professor and Chairman of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Professor of Surgery and Director of the Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh

Keywords:
Transplantation, Tacrolimus, Cycolsporine, Immunosuppression
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Stephens, F. Douglas, MD
1913 - 2011
View the Oral History

Education:
Trinity College
University of Melbourne Medical School

Internship and Residency:
The Hospital for Sick Children, London
Royal Melbourne Hospital / Royal Children's Hospital, Melbroune

Career:
Pediatric Surgeon, Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne
Director, Department of Surgical Research, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne
Professor of Urology and Surgery, The McGaw medical Center of Northwestern University, Chicago

Keywords:
Royal Children's Hospital, Chicago, Melbourne
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Swenson, Orvar, MD
1909 - 2012
View the Oral History

Education:
William Jewell College, Liberty
Harvard Medical School, Boston

Internship and Residency:
Ohio State University Hospital, Columbus
Children's Hospital Boston
Peter Brent Brigham Hospital, Boston
Harvard Medical School, Boston

Career:
Professor of Pediatric Surgery, Tufts University School of Medicine
Professor of Surgery, Northwestern University
Professor of Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine
Surgeon-in-Chief, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago

Keywords:
Megacolon, Colostomy, Hirschsprung's Disease
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Wasserman, Richard C. "Mort", MD
1949 -
View the Oral History

Education:
 Williams College, Williamstown, MA; Jefferson Medical College: University of Washington (MPH)

Internship and Residency:
Medical Center Hospital of Vermont; Children's Hospital Boston

Career:
Clinical Fellow in Pediatrics, University of Vermont; Clinical Fellow, Instructor, Harvard Medical School; Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Professor, University of Vermont; Visiting Professor, Adjunct Professor, University of Pennsylvania; Director, Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) Network, American Academy of Pediatrics; Physician Advisor, Vermont Child Health Improvement Program (VCHIP)

Keywords:
Practice-Based Research, Community Pediatrics, Parent-Physician Relationship, Pediatric Practice​
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Wessel, Morris A., MD
1917 -
View the Oral History

Education:
Johns Hopkins University
Yale University

Internship and Residency:
Babies Hospital, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York
Mayo Clinic, Rochester
Yale University School of Medicine

Career:
Practicing Pediatrician
Pediatrician, Yale-New Haven Medical Center
Pediatrician, Hospital of St. Raphael
Professor of Pediatrics, Yale Medical School

Keywords:
Yale University, Mayo Clinic, Jewish Heritage, Hospice
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West, Clark D, MD
1918 -
View the Oral History

Education:
College of Wooster
University of Michigan Medical School

Internship and Residency:
University Hospital, Ann Arbor
National Research Council at Children's Hospital Research Foundation

Career:
Professor of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Director, Children's Hospital Research Foundation
Pediatrician, Cincinnati General Hospital

Keywords:
Nephrology, National Institutes of Health
Top of Page

Wheatley, George M., MD
1909 - 2008
View the Oral History

Education:
Catholic University of America
Harvard Medical School
Columbia University

Internship and Residency:
Hartford Hospital, Hartford
Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore
New York University Hospital

Career:
Vice President and Medical Director, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, New York
Medical Director, Suffolk County Department of Social Service, New York

Keywords:
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, Rheumatic Fever, Tuberculosis
Top of Page


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To learn more about the Pediatric History Center and its collections, please contact us by either of the following:
call: 847/434-7093
email: history@aap.org

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