in 5 children and teens uses prescription medications, and many concurrent
users of more than one prescription are at risk of drug interactions, according
to a study published in the September 2018 Pediatrics.
The study, “Prescription Medications Among Children and Adolescents in the United States,” published online Aug. 27, looked at data provided by the
National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 2003 to 2014.
Researchers analyzed prescription medication questionnaires filled out by a
total of 23,179 children ages 19 and younger, with parents or caregivers
providing information on children younger than 16. The use of prescription
medications was the highest among teen girls (28 percent), and boys ages 6 to
12 years (26.5 percent). In 2013-14, one-fifth of children and adolescents used
at least one prescription medication and approximately 7.5 percent used two or
more prescription medications. Among those using multiple medications, 1 in 12
was at risk for a major drug-drug interaction and the vast majority of these
potential interactions involved antidepressants. Largely driven by higher use
rates of antidepressants and acute medication, specifically analgesics and
anti-emetics, adolescent girls were at a higher risk of using interacting drug
regimens than other subgroups, the study found.
The American Academy of Pediatrics is an organization of 67,000 primary care pediatricians, pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists dedicated to the health, safety and well-being of infants, children, adolescents and young adults. For more information, visit www.aap.org and follow us on Twitter @AmerAcadPeds