Residency Curriculum

Welco​​me to the Brea​stfeedi​ng Residency Curriculum


Breastfeeding is best for the health of infants and mothers. As more mothers are choosing to breastfeed, physicians need to be trained to successfully support these mothers. The American Academy of Pediatrics developed this Breastfeeding Residency Curriculum to help residents develop confidence and skills in breastfeeding care.​

​How the Curriculum Works

This information is designed to help residency program directors and faculty incorporate breastfeeding education into existing curriculum through implementation and evaluation strategies, useful tools, and other trusted resources. It can be applied to Pediatric, Family Medicine, Preventive Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Obstetric/Gynecologic Residency Programs. The curriculum has been organized based on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Core Competencies. Included are goals and objectives as well as planning, teaching and evaluation tools, prepared cases and presentations, and suggested resources. 

Time to Complete the Curriculum

The curriculum is flexible. It can be implemented over 1 rotation, 1 year, or during the entire length of residency. Go to the Imple​​mentation Strategies page for examples of how some residency programs have implemented the curriculum.

Activities and Evaluation

The curriculum allows you to make choices. Whether you implement 1 activity or 20, you are helping residents to develop confidence and skills to help breastfeeding infants and mothers. The Essential Activities are the activities that you should strive to complete with every resident. The Additional Activities are provided to give more options if time allows. It is strongly urged that you evaluate residents on these activities. Evaluation will help the residents know how they are doing and will help you keep track of their progress. The evaluation tools are effective in evaluating the residents as well as the breastfeeding residency curriculum as a whole. Here are some examples of the tools included.

 Planning Tool

  • Data Collec​tion Guide  – This guide will help you to collect breastfeeding data at your hospital at discharge and at 6 months.

 Evaluation Tools

  • Pre- and Post-tests – The pre-test can be given to residents to determine their baseline knowledge, confidence, and practice patterns before they begin to learn about breastfeeding. The post-test can be given to residents to determine their knowledge, confidence, and practice patterns after they complete the breastfeeding education.

  • Resident Care Evaluation: ACGME Core Competencies  – This form can be used to measure the residents' proficiency in providing breastfeeding care according to the ACGME Core Competencies.

 Teaching Tools

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