Bright Futures Recommended Preventive Services
The AAP’s preventive services guidelines are designed to assist providers in delivery preventive services to children and adolescents. It contains information and tools on how to provide anticipatory guidance at each visit for each age. For adolescents, the guidelines are divided into 3 sections – early adolescences (ages 11-14), middle adolescence (ages 15- 17), and late adolescence (ages 18-21). There is also information and guidance on reproductive and sexual health care.
A toolkit is also available that provides questionnaires and other documents that are useful in providing preventive services to adolescents.
Periodicity Schedule: Bright Futures also developed the, which outlines the recommended preventive services and screenings for each age.
Reproductive Health Care
Reproductive health is an important part of child and adolescent development. In addition to providing key preventive services, it’s important to ask about the patient’s goals for managing his/her reproductive health.
Receiving comprehensive and reproductive health counseling regularly is a necessity for teens. If a teen decides to become sexually active, they need to understand their options and learn about which form of contraception is best for them. Condom and contraceptive use among adolescents has increased since the 1990s, but many adolescents and teens are not consistent users.
Below are resources that can help in discussing contraception options and counseling teens on selecting the method that works for them.
AAP Clinical Guidance for Providers
Bright Futures Guidelines: Provides guidance on anticipatory guidance around contraception.
Contraceptive Methods: The CDC reviews the various contraceptive methods and the effectiveness of each method.
Contraceptive and Reproductive Services for Teens: There are tools and resources to assist providers in caring for teens’ contraceptive needs.
US Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use: These recommendations address a select group of common, and sometimes controversial, issues regarding initiation and use of contraceptive methods.
US Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use: These are recommendations for the use of contraceptive methods by both men and women who have certain characteristics or medical conditions.
Other Helpful Resources For Providers, Adolescents/Young Adults, and Parents
Healthy Children: The AAP’s public-facing Web site contains information and resources on contraception for youth and parents, including:
ACOG: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists provides guidance on contraception.
Physicians for Reproductive Health: The Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health Education Project provides medical education for providers on contraception.
Bedsider: A Web site for youth providing information and guidance on contraceptive methods.
Advocates for Youth: This organization is geared towards youth and provides guidance on how to advocate for their sexual health.
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