The Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) was established in 1987 to address the increasing need for an educational program focusing on initial management of newborns requiring transfer to the NICU.
Need for Neonatal Care Education is Recognized
In the mid 1970s, neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) had become common in and as a result, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded five projects to provide fundamental neonatal care education to hospitals with level 1 perinatal services. Dr. Ron Bloom and, Cathy developed the Neonatal Education Program (NEP), a 6-module series focused on neonatal resuscitation. These modules formed the basis of the future Neonatal Resuscitation Program®.
AAP Supports Development of a Neonatal Resuscitation Curriculum
Members chair of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Section on Perinatal Pediatrics, advocated for the development of a neonatal resuscitation core curriculum.
They met with representatives from the AHA to explore a course structure. Both organizations expressed a joint commitment to develop a training program aimed at teaching the principles of neonatal resuscitation with the goal of having a trained provider at every delivery.
NRP Founding Members
Pictured from left to right: Errol Alden, MD, Cathy Cropley, RN, MN, William Keenan, MD, Leon Chameides, MD, John Kattwinkel, MD, David Burchfield, MD, Ron Bloom, MD, John Raye, MD, and George Peckham, MD.
First Training Session in 1987
In 1987, the AAP Section launched the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) program in New Orleans in November 1987. After the first training session, National Faculty courses were held around the country throughout 1988.
Program Expands Across US then Internationally
Within a year, NRP had reached 48 states and Canada with 184 National Faculty and 876 trained Hospital-based Instructors. The program continued to expand, both in the US and internationally.
NRP continues to meet the learning needs of instructors and providers through award-winning state-of-the-art interactive education in 130 countries. As of January 2017, over 3.9 million healthcare professionals have been trained or retrained. The NRP currently has approximately 23,000 active instructors. About 200,000 learners complete the NRP Provider Course every year.
For More Information
NRP 20th Anniversary (1987 to 2007)
Educational Perspectives: The Genesis, Adaptation, and Evolution of the NRP (NeoReviews 2008)