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AAP Offers Customizable Allergy and Anaphylaxis Emergency Plan to Guide Effective Management

2/13/2017
Reaffirming the importance of epinephrine in first-aid treatment for anaphylaxis—and written plans for when and how to use it--the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released a new, written action plan to help patients, families, schools and communities best respond to life-threatening allergic reactions. The plan is featured in the AAP clinical report, “Guidance on Completing a Written Allergy and Anaphylaxis Emergency Plan” published in the March 2017 Pediatrics (published online Feb. 13).  Written emergency plans are recommended to improve outcomes for severe allergic reactions, which can include throat tightness, difficulty breathing, wheezing and loss of consciousness.  Several written plans are currently in use, which differ in format and recommendations, potentially leading to confusion in using them. The new AAP plan is customizable, and the report provides guidance for its use.  Accompanying the article is a second AAP clinical report, “Epinephrine for First-Aid Management of Anaphylaxis,” which stresses that epinephrine is the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis, not medications such as antihistamines. According to the AAP, more education about prompt epinephrine use is needed, particularly for teens who face higher rates of anaphylaxis deaths likely because they  more often engage in risky behaviors like not carefully avoiding allergy triggers, and not carrying or promptly using epinephrine.

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The American Academy of Pediatrics is an organization of 66,000 primary care pediatricians, pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists dedicated to the health, safety and well-being of infants, children, adolescents and young adults. For more information, visit www.aap.org and follow us on Twitter @AmerAcadPeds.



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