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Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Storms


Hurricanes, Tornadoes, and Storms

For information on impending hurricanes, tornadoes, and storms, see National Weather Service National Hurricane Center. Residents who live in areas that are in the path of a storm should pay close attention to announcements from officials and follow directives about voluntary and mandatory evacuations. Those affected by a hurricane or storm can Apply for Assistance, find a Disaster Recovery Center, search for Red Cross shelters or monitor power outages. If you are looking for a friend or relative who may have been displaced, visit How Do I Find My Family?. See the American Red Cross Web site about shelters. HealthcareReady can help individuals locate open pharmacies during a disaster.

Also see Progress in Pediatric Preparedness – Hurricane Katrina, 10 Years Later.

Preparing for Hurricane Season

Each year, the Hurricane Season runs from June 1 through November 30. Hurricane hazards can include storm surge, heavy rainfall, flooding, high winds, and tornadoes. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration provides details on active weather alerts and national weather forecast maps.

The Federal Emergency Management Agency offers recommendations on preparing for individual hazards, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides information specific to children's preparedness. Also see Americas PrepareAthon, a nationwide, community-based campaign for action to increase emergency preparedness and resilience through hazard-specific drills, group discussions and exercises conducted at the national level every fall and spring.

It is never too early to begin preparing for hurricane season. Storms affect people in all geographical areas. Prepare your office ahead of time by creating a written preparedness plan. Start by reviewing the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Preparedness Checklist for Pediatric Practices.

Personal and family preparedness is crucial. The AAP recommends that families develop a written disaster plan and that parents discuss these plans with their children. Pediatricians can start the conversation with families and advise them on which activities are of highest priority. The AAP Web site offers resources that clinicians can share with families such as How to Prepare for Disasters, Family Disaster Supply List, and the Preparing Your Child for Disasters Infographic. Pediatricians can also highlight materials for parents to use with children, such as Let's Get Ready! Planning Together for Emergencies, Ready Wrigley activity booklets, and FEMA for Kids.

Keep Families Together

During or after a disaster, children receive more appropriate and more effective care when they are accompanied by a parent or other caregiver. Children should not be separated from their families or caregivers to the maximum extent possible during evacuation, transport, sheltering, or the delivery of other services. If separation is unavoidable, children should be reunited with their families or caregivers as soon as possible. In particular, children must be transported with at least one parent or caregiver during evacuation of medical facilities.

Shelter and Other Temporary Care Situations

When emergency sheltering or relocating is required, children will need protection from hazards and unsafe conditions, direct supervision, and assistance with feeding and personal hygiene tasks. Consider the following suggestions for shelter and temporary care:

  • Staff and volunteers who help in shelters should receive training and resources regarding the care and needs of children. Standards and Indicators for Disaster Shelter Care for Children provide guidance to shelter managers and staff who ensures children have a safe, secure environment during and after a disaster. Emergency shelter staff and volunteers may also refer to the Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect in Disaster Emergency Shelters curriculum.
  • When children are cared for in shelters or other temporary care situations, child-specific supplies must be provided, including safety-approved cribs, children's clothing of various sizes, formula and bottles, water, baby food, feeding utensils, etc. Refer to Supplies for Infants and Toddlers in Mass Care Shelters and Emergency Congregate Care Facilities for more information.
  • Feeding plans should stress the special needs of infants and young children for breast milk, formula, and baby food. Plans must describe how clean water, bottles, and other necessary feeding equipment will be provided. See Infant Feeding in Disasters and Emergencies.
  • It is important to develop potential activity plans tailored to children of different ages. Consider keeping age-appropriate toys and books on hand. For older children, a list of activity ideas, responsibilities, and job tasks may be helpful.
  • To search for open shelters, the FEMA offers an option to text SHELTER and a Zip Code to 43362. For example, if you lived in Washington, DC, you would text SHELTER 20472.

​Protect Children During Natural Disasters

Children have ongoing needs that must be addressed in a disaster.

  • Children must be transported with at least one parent or caregiver.
  • When children are separated from their caregivers (whether because of displacement or medical evacuation), they require priority assistance.
  • Protecting children becomes even more challenging when temperatures become extreme.
  • When children are exposed to situations that are traumatic they may have difficulty understanding or may develop a range of stress-related symptoms. Adults may need to take steps to promote adjustment and help children cope.
  • Child care programs and schools must have plans to keep students safe, notify parents if sheltering in place or emergency evacuation is required during school hours, and reunite children with their families.
  • Talking to children before an emergency or disaster helps them to be prepared and develop strategies for coping with emergencies and everyday life.

Adults involved in clean-up efforts should consider how children might be impacted. Potential issues include habitability and the contamination of food and drinking water. Schools and play areas will also need to be cleaned and disinfected before children are allowed to return. See Flood Recovery for more information.

Protecting Children and Youth with Special Needs

Additional considerations need to be taken into account when preparing children and youth with special health care needs for disasters.​

Other Resources

For information about the AAP Disaster Preparedness Initiatives, please e-mail​