With support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) convened a workshop in November 2012 to develop pediatric anthrax clinical guidance. Workgroups were formed to develop draft content for issues related to antibiotics, vaccine post-exposure prophylaxis, and other treatments. Approximately 50 AAP and federal representatives attended the 2-day workshop, held at the CDC Tom Harkin Global Communications Center in Atlanta, Georgia. The workshop included an anthrax scenario demonstration, reports from the AAP and CDC, workgroup presentations and discussions, a detailed review of a draft guidance document, identification of research needs, and presentations on the unique needs of children, public health response strategies, and the communication needs of health care professionals and families.
The AAP published new recommendations in May 2014. See Pediatric Anthrax Clinical Management and an Executive Summary, as well as a companion AAP News article “Report from AAP, CDC offers guidance on managing children after anthrax attack". The authors would like to acknowledge the members of the AAP/CDC Pediatric Anthrax Guidance Writing Group for their assistance with writing and discussing recommendations.
AAP/CDC Pediatric Anthrax Guidance