Skip Navigation LinksInfant-Timeline


​Infant Timeline

This timeline illustrates when and what kind of behaviors associated with overweight and obesity during infancy. Use this tool to help prioritize anticipatory guidance for families.​



  1. ​​Unpublished findings: Feeding and infant and toddlers study. 2008.
  2. Kimbro, RT. On-the-job moms: Work and breastfeeding initiation and duration for a sample of low-income women. Matern Child Health J. 2006;10(1): 19-26.
  3. Wasser H, Bentley M, Borja J, Goldman BD, et al. Infants perceived as "fussy" are more likely to receive complementary foods before 4 months. Pediatrics. 2011. doi: 2010-0166
  4. Siega-Riz AM, Deming DM, Reidy KC, et al. Food consumption patterns of infants and toddlers: Where are we now? J Am Diet Assoc supplement. 2011.
  5. Garrett M, McElroy A, Staines A. Locomotor milestones and babywalkers: Cross sectional study. BMJ. 2002;324:1494.
  6. Unpublished findings: Healthy active living for families project: Parent focus groups. American Academy of Pediatrics. 2011.
  7. Zero to eight: Children’s media use in America. A Common Sense Media Research Study. 2013.
  8. Rideout VJ, Hamel E. The Media Family: Electronic Media in the Lives of Infants, Toddlers, Preschoolers, and Their Parents. Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation; 2006.
  9. Dollman J, Ridley K, Olds T, Lowe E. Trends in the duration of school-day sleep among 10- to 15-year-old south Australians between 1985 and 2004. Acta Paediatr. 2007; 96(7):1011-1014. Also, Iglowstein I, Jenni OG, Molinari L, Largo RH. Sleep duration from infancy to adolescence: Reference values and generational trends. Pediatrics. 2003;111(2):302-307.
  10. National Sleep Foundation. Sleep in America. 2008. Available at​. Accessed May 13, 2011. Also, National Sleep Foundation. Children and sleep. 2011. Available at Accessed May 2012.
  11. Skinner JD, Ziegler P, Ponza M, Jada. Transitions in infants’ and toddlers’ beverage patterns. 2004.
  12. Ben-Joseph EP, Dowshen SA, Izenberg P. Do parents understand growth charts? A national, internet-based survey. Pediatrics. 2009;124(4).
  13. Black MM, Aboud FE. Responsive feeding is embedded in a theoretical framework of responsive parenting. J Nutr. 2011;141:490-494.
  14. Huh SY, Rifas-Shiman SL, Taveras EM, Oken E, Gillman MW. Timing of solid food introduction and risk of obesity in preschool-aged children. Pediatrics. 2011.
  15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2016 Breastfeeding Report Card. Available at Accessed August 2016.
  16. Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, et al. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet. 2008;371 (9608):243-260