Skip Navigation LinksPreschool-Timeline


​P​reschool Timeline

This timeline illustrates when and what kind of behaviors associated with overweight and obesity during the preschool years. Use this tool to help prioritize anticipatory guidance for families.​



  1. Wang YC, Bleich SN, Gortmaker SL. Increasing caloric contribution from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juices among US children and adolescents, 1988-2004. Pediatrics. 2008;121:1604-1614.
  2. Reedy J, Krebs-Smith SM. Dietary sources of energy, solid fats, and added sugars among children and adolescents in the United States. J Am Diet Assoc. 2010;110(10).
  3. National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Active Start: A Statement of Physical Activity Guidelines for Children Birth to Five. Reston, VA: NASPE Publications: 2009.
  4. National Association for Sport and Physical Education. Active Start: A Statement of Physical Activity Guidelines for Children Birth to Five Years. Reston, VA: NASPE: 2002;5-11.
  5. Brown WH, Pfeiffer KA, McIver KL, Dowda M, Addy CL, Pate RR. Social and environmental factors associated with preschoolers’ nonsedentary physical activity. Child Dev. 2009;80(1):45-58.
  6. Zero to eight: Children’s media use in America. A Common Sense Media Research Study. 2011.
  7. Miller SA, Taveras EM, Rifas-Shiman SL, Gillman MW. Association between television viewing and poor diet quality in young children. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2008;3(3):168-76.
  8. Holt DJ, Ippolito PM, Desrochers DM, Kelly CR. Federal Trade Commission. Children’s Exposure to TV Advertising in 1977 and 2004: Information for the Obesity Debate. Available at 2007.
  9. Iglowstein I, Jenni OG, Molinari L, Largo RH. Sleep duration from infancy to adolescence: Reference values and generational trends. Pediatrics. 2003;111(2):302-307.
  10. Rampersaud GC, Pereira MA, Girard BL, Adams J, Metzl JD. Breakfast habits, nutritional status, body weight, and academic performance in children and adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105:743–760.
  11. The National Education Goals Report: Building a Nation of Learners. The National Education Goals Panel. 1997.
  12. National Center for Education Statistics. Public School Kindergarten Teachers’ Views on Children’s Readiness for Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement: 1993.
  13. Tripathi S, Kiran K, Kamala BK. Relationship between obesity and dental caries in children – a preliminary study. J Int Oral Health. 2010;2(4).
  14. Sheikh J, Kaplan MS. Association of being overweight with greater asthma symptoms in inner-city black and Hispanic children. Pediatrics. 1999;104:376.
  15. Gennuso J, Epstein LH, Paluch RA, Cerny F. The relationship between asthma and obesity in urban minority children and adolescents. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1998;152(12):1197-1200.
  16. Waring ME, Lapane KL. Overweight in children and adolescents in relation to Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Results from a national sample. Pediatrics. 2008;122:1.
  17. Ebenegger V, Marques-Vidal PM, Munsch S, et al. Relationship of hyperactivity/inattention with adiposity and lifestyle characteristics in preschool children. J Child Neurol. 2011.
  18. Fiese BH, Schwartz M. Reclaiming the family table: Mealtimes and child health and wellbeing. Soc Policy Rep. 2008;22(4).
  19. Fox MK, Condon E, Briefel RR, Reidy KC, Deming DM. Food consumption patterns of young preschoolers: are they starting off on the right path? J Am Diet Assoc. 2010;110(12 Suppl):S52-S9