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Child Abuse Prevention

Child Abuse Prevention Month

April was designated Child Abuse Prevention Month by presidential proclamation in 1983. The observance raises awareness about child abuse prevention by educating individuals and communities about how they can help prevent abuse and neglect of children. We each play a part in promoting the social and emotional well-being of children and families in communities.

The US Department of Health and Human Services and the Human Services' Children's Bureau, Office of Child Abuse and Neglect worked with its Child Welfare Information Gateway to develop a community resource guide to promote child abuse prevention activities throughout the year. The Resource Guide includes tip Sheets (English and Spanish) addressing particular parenting concerns or questions to distribute to parents and caregivers, and three activity calendars (English and Spanish) with daily activities relating to the protective factors. The National Child Abuse Prevention Month website also has a video gallery, a media toolkit and widgets to post on your website.

Here are some other child abuse prevention resources for your office and families:

Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents

Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents is a national health promotion and prevention initiative, led by the American Academy of Pediatrics. The Bright Futures Guidelines provide theory-based and evidence-driven guidance for all preventive care screenings and well-child visits.  The new 4th Edition weaves in recognition of social determinants of health (risks and protective factors) and an increased focus on lifelong physical and mental health as well providing support for families.  In addition, a number of developmental, behavioral and psychosocial screening tools are available to identify families at risk for abuse and neglect. 

The 4th Edition is currently available at ShopAAP where you can also preview it in eBook format .

​Connected Kids: Safe, Strong Secure

Connected Kids: Safe, Strong, Secure​ offers child healthcare providers a comprehensive, logical approach to integrating violence prevention efforts in practice and the community. The program takes an asset-based approach to anticipatory guidance, focusing on helping parents and families raise resilient children.  A clinical guide and 21 brochures addressing topics across the stages of development are available on AAP Pediatric Patient Education Online (subscription required) or the infant and early childhood brochure are available for purchase on

​Practicing Safety: A Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Project

The general pediatrician is in a prime position to play a much-expanded role in the primary and secondary prevention of child abuse and neglect. Anticipatory guidance is a regular part of pediatric care providing the context for teaching child abuse and neglect/violence prevention, parenting skills and identifying and supporting vulnerable families. For this reason, the AAP, with the generous support from the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, launched the first phase of Practicing Safety in January 2003 and the second phase in 2007 in an effort to decrease child abuse and neglect by enhancing anticipatory guidance and increasing screening provided by pediatric practices to families of children ages 0-3. Visit the Practicing Safety website​ for more information about the project, including patient and practice tools used.

Abusive Head Trauma/Shaken Baby Syndrome Prevention

Disclaimer: The information below is selected for its value and relation to child abuse prevention and does not represent an endorsement or an official opinion or position of the American Academy of Pediatrics.

For years the assumption had been that if your baby cried excessively they had "colic," leading parents and caregivers to believe that there was something wrong or abnormal with their baby. However, over 40 years of research on early infant crying has led to the understanding that, in addition to infants with a specific illness, there is an early period of increased and then decreased crying starting at about two weeks and lasting until the third or fourth month of life. This crying is completely normal and unrelated to infants having a disease or physical problem or parents having different care giving styles. This crying is not an indication that there is something wrong with the baby, but rather a normal behavioral developmental stage that all babies have.

The Period of PURPLE Crying program provides a new way to help parents understand this period in their baby's life. The acronym PURPLE is used to describe specific characteristics of an infant's crying. It lets parents and caregivers know that what they are experiencing is normal and, although frustrating, is a phase in their child's development.

Peak of Crying – Crying peaks during the second month, decreasing after that

Unexpected – Crying comes and goes unexpectedly, for no apparent reason

Resists Soothing – Crying continues despite all soothing efforts by caregivers

Pain-like Face – Infants look like they are in pain, even when they are not

Long Lasting – Crying can go on for 30-40 minutes at a time, and often for much longer

Evening Crying – Crying occurs more in the late afternoon and evening

The word period is important because it tells parents that it is only temporary and will come to and end. 

The program also includes research-based, practical strategies to guide how to soothe their infants and to cope with unsoothable crying.

​To learn more about the Period of PURPLE Crying as well as other child development topics visit: 

What is the Period of PURPLE Crying Program?

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