Receiving comprehensive and reproductive health counseling regularly is a necessity for teens. If a teen decides to become sexually active, they need to understand their options and learn about which form of contraception is best for them. Condom and contraceptive use among adolescents has increased since the 1990s, but many adolescents and teens are not consistent users.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has created a U.S. Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use. These recommendations address a select group of common, and sometimes controversial, issues regarding initiation and use of contraceptive methods. The CDC has also issued the U.S. Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use, which contains recommendations for the use of contraceptive methods by both men and women who have certain characteristics or medical conditions.
Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) has been a 'hot topic' of discussion in recent years. LARC is covered briefly in two AAP policy statements: Contraception for Adolescents and Contraception for HIV Infected Adolescents. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has created a Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Program with a great deal of additional information.
AAP has issued numerous reports around contraception in general, which may be useful resources for pediatric and adolescent health care providers:
For Parents, Adolescents and Young Adults
Pediatricians' long-term relationships with adolescents and families give them the ability to help promote healthy sexual decision-making, including abstinence and contraceptive use. Below are some articles from HealthyChildren.org, the AAP website for parents, that may be useful to share with adolescent patients and their parents: