Scientific Articles

Scientific Articles

Helping Babies Survive, along with our implementing partners, continually strives to evaluate and communicate the impact of our progra​​ms – at conferences, meetings, and through peer-reviewed publications.

Help us measure our progress! We are proud to highlight and share the results of HBS-related research studies being conducted worldwide.  Please contact us at if you would like to submit a scientific publication for inclusion on the website.​

Advertising Disclaimer

​Feat​ured Articles

Reducing Perinatal Mortality in Nepal Using Helping Babies Breathe​ 
Pediatrics, June 2016​

Newborns are at the highest risk of dying around abstract the time of birth, ​​due to intrapartum-related complications… READ MORE 

Newborn Mortality and Fresh Stillbirth Rates in Tanzania After Helping Babies Breathe Training

Pediatrics, February 2013

The Helping Babies Breathe program was implemented in 8 hospitals in Tanzania in 2009… READ MORE

​ ​​

All Scie​nt​ific Articles​​

Helping Babies Breathe (2nd edition) implementation on a shoestring budget in Zanzibar, Tanzania
Gina Wilson, Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology, June 2020

Susan Niermeyer, Neonatology, May 2020

​Predictors of Helping Babies Breathe knowledge and skills among nurses in primary health settings in Dodoma region, Tanzania.
Angela A. Joho, BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, March 2020
Helping Babies Survive training programs: Evaluating a teaching cascade in Ethiopia
S. Weinberg et al., Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, November 2019

Frequent refresher training on newborn resuscitation and potential impact on perinatal outcome over time in a rural Tanzanian hospital: an observational study
E. Mduma et al., BMJ Open, September 2019

Predictors for expired COin neonatal bag-mask ventilation at birth: observational study
​K. Holte et al., BMJ Paediatrics Open, September 2019

​Designing and evaluating a novel mobile application for Helping Babies Breathe skills retention in Uganda: comparative study protocol
H. Merali et al., BMJ Paediatrics, September 2019

​Effect of a scaled-up neonatal resuscitation quality improvement package on intrapartum-related mortality in Nepal: A stepped-wedge cluster randomized controlled trial
Ashish KC et al., PLOS Medicine, September 2019

Helping Babies Breathe and its effects on intrapartum-related stillbirths and neonatal mortality in low-resource settings: a systematic review
J. Versantvoort et al., Archives of Disease in Childhood, July 2019

Structured on-the-job training to improve retention of newborn resuscitation skills: a national cohort Helping Babies Breathe study in Tanzania
M. Drake et al., BMC Pediatrics, February 2019

C. Evans et al,. PLOS One, December 2018

Helping Babies Breathe, Second Edition: a model for strengthening educational programs to increase global newborn survival
B. Kamath-Rayne et al., Global Health Science and Practice, October 2018

​When Helping Babies Breathe is not enough: designing a novel, mid-level neonatal resuscitation algorithm for Médecins Sans Frontières field teams working in low-resource hospital settings
L. Umphrey et al., Neonatology, May 2018

​Resuscitation skills after Hel​ping Babies ​Breathe training: a comparison of varying practice frequency and impact on retention of skills in different types​ of providers​
M. Tabangin et al., International Health, March 2018

​​​A care b​undle including antenatal cortico​​steroids reduces preterm infant mortality in Tanzania a low resource country
A. Massawe et al., PLOS One, March 2018

​​The impact of the Helping Babies Survive program on neonatal outcomes and health provider skills: a systematic review
J. Dol, et al., JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports, March 2018​

Factors affecting effective ventilation during newborn resuscitation: a qua​litative study among midwives in rural Tanzania​ 
R. Moshiro, et al., Global Health Action, Jan 2018

​​Global gains after Helping Babies Breathe

S. Niermeyer, Acta Paediatrica, October 2017​

​​Retention and use of newborn resuscitation skills following a series of Helping Babies Breathe trainings for midwives in rural Ghana

D. Eblovi et al., Global Health Action, October 2017

Scaling up quality improvement intervention for perinatal care in Nepal (NePeriQIP); study protocol of a cluster randomised trial

A. KC et al., BMJ Global Health, September 2017​

Perinatal outcomes following Helping Babies Breathe training and regular peer-peer skills practice among village midwives in Sudan

A. Arabi et al., Archives of Disease in Childhood, August 2017

Improvements in the delivery of resuscitation and newborn care after Helping Babies Breathe training

B. Kamath-Rayne et al., Journal of Perinatology, July 2017

Successful implementation of Helping Babies Survive and Helping Mothers Survive programs—An Utstein formula for newborn and maternal survival

H. Ersdal et al., PLOS ONE, June 2017

Using quality improvement to decrease birth asphyxia rates after 'Helping Babies Breathe' training in Kenya

A. Rule et al., Acta Paediatrica, June 2017

Implementation of "Helping Babies Breathe": A 3-year experience in Tanzania

L. Arglinton et al., Pediatrics, May 2017

Neonatal resuscitation in global health settings—An examination of the past to prepare for the future
B. Kamath Rayne et al., Pediatric Research, May 2017

Evaluation of Helping Babies Breathe Quality Improvement Cycle (HBB-QIC) on retention of neonatal resuscitation skills six months after training in Nepal

A. KC et al., BMC Pediatrics, April 2017

Helping Babies Breathe implementation in Zanzibar, Tanzania

G. Wilson et al., International Journal of Nursing Practice, April 2017

Implementing education to reduce neonatal mortality in low-resource environments

J. Patterson and C. Bose, Pediatrics, April 2017

Cost analysis of large-scale implementation of the 'Helping Babies Breathe' newborn resuscitation-training program in Tanzania

S. Chaudhury et al., BMC Health Services Research, December 2016

​A pilot program of knowledge translation and implementation for newborn resuscitation using US Peace Corps Volunteers in rural Madagascar. 
Kristin Close et al., Globalization and Health, November 2016

Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) training: What happens to knowledge and skills over time?
A. Bang et al., BMC Health Services Research, November 2016

Neonatal resuscitation in low-resource settings
S. Berkelhamer et al., Clin Perinatol, September 2016

Provider experiences with the large-scale 'Helping Babies Breathe' training programme in Tanzania

K. Isangula et al., Paediatrics and International Child Health, September 2016

Evaluating newborn care skills among trained birth attendants in a resource-limited setting

M. Kassick et al., International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, August 2016

Newborn resuscitation training in resource-limited settings: A systematic literature review

J. Reisman et al., Pediatrics, August 2016

Skills retention in Sudanese village midwives 1 year following Helping Babies Breathe training

A. Arabi et al., Archives of Disease in Childhood, January 2016​

Validation of a novel tool for assessing newborn resuscitation skills among birth attendants trained by the 'Helping Babies Breathe' program

J. Reisman et al., International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, November 2015

Educational outcomes of Helping Babies Breathe training at a community hospital in Honduras

T. Seto et al, Perspect Med Educ, October 2015

A new commitment to newborn survival
S. Niermeyer et al., Pediatrics, January 2015

Cost-effectiveness of the "Helping Babies Breathe" program in a missionary hospital in rural Tanzania

C. Vossius et al., PLOS ONE, July 2014

Beyond newborn survival: the world you are born into determines your risk of disability-free survival

J. Lawn et al., Pediatric Research, December 2013

Resuscitation in resource-limited settings

H. Ersdal and N. Singhal, Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, December 2013

Helping Babies Breathe' training in sub-saharan Africa: educational impact and learner impressions

R. Hoban et al., Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, June 2013

Stillbirth and newborn mortality in India after Helping Babies Breathe training

S. Goudar et al., Pediatrics, February 2013

Addressing high infant mortality in the developing world: a glimmer of hope

J. Kattwinkel, Pediatrics, February 2013

Appropriate interventions to reduce perinatal mortality and morbidity in low-resourced settings

H. Ersdal, PhD Thesis, Stavanger University Hospital, 2012

Implementing a simplified neonatal resuscitation protocol – helping babies breathe at birth (HBB) – at a tertiary level hospital in Nepal for an increased perinatal survival

A. KC et al., BMC Pediatrics, October 2012

Intermittent detection of fetal heart rate abnormalities identify infants at greatest risk for fresh stillbirths, birth asphyxia, neonatal resuscitation, and early neonatal deaths in a limited-resource setting: a prospective descriptive observational study at Haydom Lutheran Hospital

H. Ersdal et al., Neonatology, August 2012

An introduction to Helping Babies Breathe: the "Golden Minute" is here for South African newborn babies

C. Van Heerden, Professional Nursing Today, June 2012

Birth asphyxia: a major cause of early neonatal mortality in a Tanzanian rural hospital

H. Ersdal, Pediatrics, April 2012

Helping Babies Breathe: Global neonatal resuscitation program development and formative educational evaluation

N. Singhal et al., Resuscitation, January 2012

Early initiation of basic resuscitation interventions including face mask ventilation may reduce birth asphyxia related mortality in low-income countries: a prospective descriptive observational study

H. Ersdal et al., Resuscitation, December 2011

Neonatal nursing and Helping Babies Breathe: an effective intervention to decrease global neonatal mortality

G. Little et al., Newborn & Infant Nursing Reviews, June 2011​​​​