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In this episode Kathryn Lowe, MD, FAAP explains how pediatricians can use inclusive language when treating their gender-diverse patients. Hosts David Hill, MD, FAAP, and Joanna Parga-Belinkie, MD, FAAP, also talk to Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, PhD, about his research linking adolescent and adult insomnia.



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Kathryn Lowe, MD, FAAP


Kathryn Lowe, MD, FAAP, is a board-certified pediatrician and a Clinical Assistant Professor at the University of Washington School of Medicine. She serves on the executive committee of the Section on LGBT Health and Wellness with the American Academy of Pediatrics and is one of the authors of You-ology: A Puberty Guide for Every Body. She attended medical school at the University of Connecticut and pediatric residency at Maine Medical Center. She has practiced both in-patient and out-patient pediatrics.

Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, PhD


Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, PhD, is a scientist-clinician who devotes his time to sleep research and clinical care at Penn State Health Sleep Research & Treatment Center. He is an Associate Professor and Clinical Psychologist Diplomate in Behavioral Sleep Medicine. His patient population has a special focus on insomnia disorder and its first-line, guideline-recommended therapy: cognitive behavioral treatment of insomnia (CBT-I). He provides care to adolescents and adults both in English and Spanish.


Conflict of Interest Disclosure:

Dr. Fernandez-Mendoza's research has been funded by the National Heart Blood and Lung Institute (NHLBI), National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), American Heart Association (AHA) and Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI). He has received awards from Complutense University, Penn State University, and Society of Behavioral Sleep Medicine.

Music Credits:
"Steadfast" by Blue Dot Sessions at
Theme music composed by Matthew Simonson at

*The views expressed in this podcast are those of the guests and not necessarily those of the American Academy of Pediatrics.

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