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In this episode James D. Campbell, MD, MS, FAAP, professor of pediatrics in the Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Pediatrics at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and a member of the AAP’s Committee on Infectious Diseases, describes the different vaccines, the process of developing them, and the timing of the rollout. Hosts David Hill, MD, FAAP, and Joanna Parga-Belinkie, MD, FAAP, also talk to Shannon Adams, a fourth-year student at Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, about her article in the journal Pediatrics focusing on racial disparities in the NICU.



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Headshot of James Campbell

James D. Campbell, MD, MS, FAAP


James D. Campbell, MD, MS, FAAP, is a professor of pediatrics in the Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Pediatrics at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and a member of the AAP’s Committee on Infectious Diseases. He is involved in a large portfolio of research endeavors, including testing vaccines for influenza, anthrax, meningococcus, CMV, RSV, pneumococcus, and SARS-CoV-2. Dr. Campbell is a member of the Committee on Infectious Diseases (COID or “Red Book Committee”) for the American Academy of Pediatrics. He is the lead for the Maternal-Child Clinical Trials Section of the Center for Vaccine Development. Since the emergence of COVID-19, he has co-chaired the NIH working group to develop a pediatric COVID-19 vaccine protocol and assisted in the development of a COVID-19 vaccine protocol for pregnant women, assisted the MD Chapter of the AAP with COVID-19-related policies, provided input to members of Governor Hogan’s State of Maryland COVID-19 task force and technical advisory group for statewide vaccine distribution, investigated remdesivir, baricitinib, and interferon in randomized controlled trials (the ACTT studies), been an investigator in COVID-19 vaccine trials in adults, reviewed national pediatric policy on COVID-19 care of neonates born to women with COVID-19, started and provided routine updates to a webpage on “Kids & COVID-19” designed for providers and families, and provided many interviews with the media, particularly related to COVID-19 and children and to vaccine development.

Headshot of Shannon Adams

Shannon Adams


Shannon Adams is a graduate of Duke University and current fourth-year medical student at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University. Her clinical interests are in pediatrics, specifically neonatal intensive care and palliative medicine. During her time at Brown, she conducted research as a Medical Humanities and Ethics Concentration Scholar focused on defining quality of life in the critically ill neonatal population, and she was recently selected as a 2020 Medical Fellow for the Fellowship at Auschwitz for the Study of Professional Ethics (FASPE). She is a categorical pediatrics applicant in the current residency cycle.


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Conflict of Interest Disclosure:
Jim Campbell is an investigator on many vaccine trials, and some are sponsored by industry. Sponsors, including Merck, Sanofi, GSK, and Pfizer, have provided funds to his university for the completion of these trials. He also is an investigator on federally funded COVID-19 therapies and vaccines, including vaccines manufactured by Moderna and Novavax.

Music Credits:
"Steadfast" by Blue Dot Sessions at
Theme music composed by Matthew Simonson at

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