The AAP strongly recommends on-time routine immunization of all children and adolescents according to the Recommended Immunization Schedules for Children and Adolescents.

Find Schedules Here

Immunizations Overview

Immunizations are one of the greatest public health achievements, preventing tens of thousands of deaths, millions of cases of disease, and saving billions of dollars per decade. Immunizations are a safe, effective way to protect children from disease, including some cancers, as well as hospitalization, disability, and death. It is especially important during a pandemic or other public health emergency to maintain routine immunizations to prevent further outbreaks.

Pediatricians play a crucial role in immunizing children and are a trusted source for vaccine information. Vaccine conversations with parents should begin as early as possible – at prenatal visits/interviews ideally – as families often make immunization decisions during pregnancy through the first 2 months of baby’s life.

AAP Recommendations

Learn more about policy recommendations and the regulations and laws that the AAP supports surrounding vaccination.

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Interactive Vaccination Map

This interactive map allows immunizers and families to see immunization rates and exemptions by state, and to compare these rates to national rates, goals, and immunity thresholds needed to keep communities safe from vaccine-preventable diseases. This map also presents immunization rates broken down by demographics, such as insurance coverage, race, urbanicity, and poverty level. Data come from the CDC National Immunization Survey and are updated annually.


More About the Science

Vaccines are both safe and effective. Learn more about how they work and how we know theyre safe.

Professional Tools & Resources

The AAP offers a robust set of tools and resources to help your practice efficiently immunize patients, communicate effectively with families, prepare for influenza vaccination season, learn more about  the COVID-19 vaccine for children, and vaccinate adolescents against HPV and other illnesses.

Resources for Families

Many parents are happy to protect their children with vaccines. Some have questions. This page offers helpful links to, the parenting website of the AAP.

CDC Childhood Immunization Coverage

The National Immunization Surveys (NIS) are a group of phone surveys used to monitor vaccination coverage among children 19-35 months and teens 13-17 years. You can learn about data collected in the most recent NIS.


In August 2021, the immunization information on was revised. We seek your feedback on the new organization and ease of use for the immunization content please consider filling out this brief survey. We estimate it will take 2 minutes to complete.

Podcasts and Voices Blogs

Learn what others are saying. Listen to our podcasts and read our blog posts.

Vaccine hesitancy - Episode 2

In the first full episode, hosts Joanna Parga-Belinkie, MD, FAAP and David Hill, MD, FAAP share why they became pediatricians and introduce listeners to the new podcast from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Guest interviews address two of the biggest issues facing children’s health today: drowning and vaccine hesitancy.

Pediatrics on Call


June 25, 2020

Web-based Vaccine Messaging - Episode 26

Hosts David Hill, MD, FAAP, and Joanna Parga-Belinkie, MD, FAAP discuss with Jason Glanz, PhD, new research in Pediatrics about the efficacy of Web-based vaccine messaging.

Pediatrics on Call


October 20, 2020

Childhood Immunization: Preventing a Lifetime of What if

Through recollections and family experiences, this pediatrician shares why we need to speak boldly about the protection vaccines offer.

Voices Blog


August 21, 2019

Ensuring Access to Important Vaccines During a Pandemic

Infectious disease specialist worries about the drop in life-saving vaccinations.

Voices Blog


August 27, 2020

Last Updated



American Academy of Pediatrics