The AAP Richmond Center's Measurement Core initiative aims to ensure consistency in the methodologies utilized across research projects at the Center. The Measurement Core team reviewed multiple sources of questions on secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure to develop a standardized set of questions in order to help advance the field of SHS research. 
The measures are presented here to assist other tobacco control researchers in their work. These questions can be used for any audience including adults, children, and families. The source of each measure is listed on each categorical page, or can be viewed all together. 
AAP Richmond Center investigators are currently working on validating many of these survey items against a variety of biomarkers of SHS exposure in children including urine cotinine, NNAL, and others. These results will be posted as they become available. 

View the measures by category: 

Reference Articles

The articles listed below have been used by Richmond Center researchers during the course of their work to standardize the measurement of tobacco and SHS exposure. They are shared here in hopes that other researchers will find them helpful. This section will be kept up-to-date as more articles become available. If you know of any additional articles that would be beneficial to share with others, please send them via our Contact Us form with the subject 'Measurement Core Article'.

Biomarker Testing Resources 

Additional Related Resources 

Other research tools include:

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Smoking and Health Resource Library 
    The CDC, through its Office on Smoking and Health, maintains a comprehensive database of materials related to tobacco, including reports, dissertations, books, journal articles, and policy documents. 
  • Cochrane Reviews by topic "Tobacco Addiction" 
    The Cochrane Library explores the evidence for and against the effectiveness and appropriateness of treatments (medications, surgery, education, etc) in specific circumstances. 
  • Tobacco Charts 
    These charts provide illustration of the changes states have experienced after raising their state cigarette taxes or passing statewide smoke-free laws. 
  • Truth Tobacco Industry Documents 
    Truth Tobacco Industry Documents (formerly known as Legacy Tobacco Documents Library) was built to house and provide permanent access to tobacco industry internal corporate documents produced during litigation between US States and the seven major tobacco industry organizations and other sources. 
Last Updated



American Academy of Pediatrics