PROS Articles Published in Peer Reviewed Journals


Shrier L, O'Connell M, Torres A, et al. Computer-Facilitated Screening and Brief Intervention for Alcohol Use Risk in Adolescent Patients of Pediatric Primary Care Offices: Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR Res Protoc 2024;13:e55039. doi: 10.2196/55039.

Resnicow K, Delacroix E, Sonneville KR, et al. Outcome of BMI21: Motivational Interviewing to Reduce BMI Through Primary Care AAP PROS Practices. Pediatrics. 2024;153(2):e2023062462. Doi: 10.1542/peds.2023-062462.

Brochier A, Torres A, Tyrell H, et al. Addressing adverse social determinants of health in pediatric primary care: Study protocol for a hybrid type 2 effectiveness-implementation randomized controlled trial in two national pediatric practice-based research networks. Contemporary Clinical Trials. Volume 138, March 2024, 107436. doi:10.1016/j.cct.2024.107436.


Rand C, Stephens-Shields A, Kelly M, et al. Clinician Prompts for Human Papillomavirus Vaccination: A Cluster Randomized Trial. Acad Pediatr. 2023 Nov 2:S1876-2859(23)00401-1. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2023.10.01

Moreno M, Klein J, Kaseeska, K, et al. A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of a Primary Care Provider-Delivered Social Media Counseling Intervention. J Adolesc Health. Published online August 12, 20233. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2023.06.007.

Gabryszewski J, Dudley J, Shu D, et al. Patterns in the Development of Pediatric Allergy. Pediatrics 2023; e2022060531. doi:10.1542/peds.2022-06053

Kelly M, Stephens-Shields A, Hannan C, et al. Missed Opportunities for Adolescent Immunizations at Well-Care Visits During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Adolesc Health 2023; 73 (1). Published online June 30, 2023. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2023.05.008.

Wynn C, Fiks A, Localio R, et al. Examination of Text Message Plans and Baseline Usage of Families Enrolled in a Text Message Influenza Vaccine Reminder Trial: Survey Study. JMIR Form Res 2023;7:e39576. doi: 10.2196/39576.

Nekrasova E, Fiks A, Wynn C, et al. Pediatric Practices’ Perceptions of Text Message Communication with Families: An American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) Study. ACI Open 2023;7:e8–e15. doi:10.1055/s-0043-1763270.


Woolford S, Resnicow K, Davis M, et al. Cost-Effectiveness of a Motivational Interviewing Obesity Intervention vs. Usual Care in Pediatric Primary Care Offices. Obesity. 2022 Nov;30(11):2265-2274. DOI: 10.1002/oby.23560

Fiks A, Hannan C, Localio R, et al. HPV Vaccinations at Acute Visits and Subsequent Adolescent Preventive Visits. Pediatrics 2022; e2022058188. 10.1542/peds.2022-058188.

Stockwell M, Shone L, Nekrasova E, et al. Text Message Reminders to Increase Receipt of 2nd Dose of Influenza Vaccine for Young Children: An AAP Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) Randomized Clinical Trial. Pediatrics. 2022; e2022056967. 10.1542/peds.2022-056967.

Fiks A, Stephens-Shields A, Kelly M, et al. Performance Feedback for HPV Vaccination: A Randomized Trial from the AAP PROS Research Network. Acad Pediatr. 2022 Jul 16:S1876-2859(22)00351-5. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2022.07.006

Mangione-Smith, R, Robinson, J, Zhou C, et. al. Fidelity Evaluation of the Dialogue Around Respiratory Illness Treatment (DART) Program Communication Training. Patient Educ Couns. 2022 Mar 14:S0738-3991(22)00104-5. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2022.03.011


Nabi-Burza E, Wasserman R, Drehmer J, et al. Spontaneous Smoking Cessation in Parents. Journal of Smoking Cessation, Vol. 2021, Article ID 5526715, 2021. DOI/10.1155/2021/5526715

Szilagyi P, Humiston S, Stephens-Shields A, et al.  Effect of Training Pediatric Clinicians in Human Papillomavirus Communication Strategies on Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Rates: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatr. Published online May 24, 2021. DOI:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.0766


Klein JD, Gorzkowski J, Resnick EA, et al. Delivery and Impact of a Motivational Intervention for Smoking Cessation: A PROS Study. Pediatrics. 2020;146(4):e20200644 DOI: 10.1542/peds.2020-0644

Kaelber DC, Localio AR, Ross M, et al. Persistent Hypertension in Children and Adolescents: A 6-Year Cohort Study. Pediatrics. 2020;146(4):e20193778 DOI:10.1542/peds.2019-3778

Kronman MP, Gerber JS, Grundmeier RW, et al. Reducing Antibiotic Prescribing in Primary Care for Respiratory Illness. Pediatrics. 2020;146(3):e20200038; DOI:10.1542/peds.2020-0038.

Wright M, Delacroix E, Sonneville K, et al. Reducing pediatric overweight and obesity through Motivational Interviewing: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial in the AAP PROS Research Network. BMJ Open. 2020;10:e035720. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035720

Gregory EF, Miller JM, Wasserman RC, et al. Adherence to Pediatric Universal Cholesterol Testing Guidelines Across Body Mass Index Categories: A CER2 Cohort Study. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. August 2020; DOI:10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.119.006519

Kelly M, Grundmeier R, Stephens-Shields A, et al. Missed Opportunities for Human Papillomavirus Vaccination at Office Visits during which Influenza Vaccine was Administered: An AAP Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) National Primary Care Research Network Study. Vaccine. 2020; 38 (33), 5105-5108.  DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.05.090

Nekrasova E, Stockwell M, Localio R, et al. Vaccine hesitancy and influenza beliefs among parents of children requiring a second dose of influenza vaccine in a season: An American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) study, Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 2020, DOI: 10.1080/21645515.2019.1707006


Hopfer S, Wright M, Pellman H, et al. HPV vaccine recommendation profiles among a national network of pediatric practitioners: understanding contributors to parental vaccine hesitancy and acceptance, Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 2019. DOI: 10.1080/21645515.2018.1560771


Czaja A, Ross ME, Liu W, et al. Electronic health record (EHR) based post-marketing surveillance of adverse events associated with pediatric off-label medication use: a case study of short-acting beta-2-agonists and arrhythmias. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety. 2018;1‐8. DOI:10.1002/pds.4562


Daymont C, Ross ME, Localio R, et al. Automated identification of implausible values in growth data from pediatric electronic health records. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2017:24(6) 1080-1087. DOI: 10.1093/jamia/ocx037.

Czaja A, Fiks AG, Wasserman RC, et al. Beyond the label: steering the focus towards safe and effective prescribing. Pediatrics. 2017;139(5): e20163518. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-3518.


Drehmer JE, Hipple B, Nabi-Burza E, et al. Proactive enrollment of parents to tobacco quitlines in pediatric practices is associated with greater quitline use: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2016;16:520. DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-3147-1.

Drehmer JE, Hipple B, Ossip DJ, et al. A Cross-Sectional Study of Happiness and Smoking Cessation among Parents. Journal of smoking cessation. 2017;12(1):6-14. DOI:10.1017/jsc.2015.6.

Fiks AG, Ross ME, Mayne SL, et al. Preschool ADHD Diagnosis and Stimulant Use Before and After the 2011 AAP Practice Guideline. Pediatrics. 2016;138(6):e20162025. DOI:10.1542/peds.2016-2025.

Fiks AG, duRivage N, Mayne SL, et al. Adoption of a portal for the primary care management of pediatric asthma: a mixed methods implementation study. J Med Internet Res. 2016;18(6):e172. DOI: 10.2196/jmir.5610.

Fiks AG, Scheindlin B, Shone L. 30th Anniversary of Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS): an invitation to become engaged. Pediatrics. 2016;138(3):e20161126. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2016-1126.

Gorzkowski, JA, Whitmore, RM, Kaseeska, KR, et al. Pediatrician knowledge, attitudes and practice related to electronic cigarettes. J Adolesc Health. 2016;59(1): 81-86. DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.03.036.

Kaelber DC, Liu W, Ross M, et al. Diagnosis and Medication Treatment of Pediatric Hypertension: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Pediatrics. 2016;138(6):e20162195. DOI:10.1542/peds.2016-2195.

Lee J, Wasserman R, Kaciroti N, et al. Timing of puberty in overweight versus obese boys. Pediatrics. 2016. 137(2):1-10. DOI:10.1542/peds.2015-0164.

Mayne SL, Ross ME, Song L, et al. Variations in mental health diagnosis and prescribing across pediatric primary care practices. Pediatrics. 2016;137(5):e20152974. DOI:10.1542/peds.2015-2974.

Resnicow K, Harris D, Wasserman R, et al. Advances in motivational interviewing for pediatric obesity: results of the Brief Motivational Interviewing to Reduce Body Q2 Mass Index Trial and future directions.  Pediatric Clinics of North America. 2016;63(3): 539-562. DOI: 10.1016/j.pcl.2016.02.008.

Shope JT, Zakrajsek J, Finch S, et al. Translation to primary care of an effective teen safe driving program for parents. Clin Pediatr. 2016;55(11):1026-1035. DOI:10.1177/0009922816665086.


Dempsey J, Regan S, Drehmer JE, et al. Black vs white differences in rates of addressing parental tobacco use in the pediatric setting. Acad Pediatr. 2015;15(1):47-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2014.06.018

Fiks AG. Centralized reminder-recall: collaboration, promotes the effective use of technology. JAMA Pediatr. 2015;169(4):314-316. DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.3709.

Fiks AG, Mayne SL, Song L, et al. Changing patterns of alpha agonist medication use in children 2009-2011. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2015;25(4):362-367. DOI:10.1089/cap.2014.0122.

Fiks AG, Grundmeier RW, Steffes J, et al. Comparative effectiveness research through a collaborative electronic reporting consortium. Pediatrics. 2015;136(1):e215-224. DOI:10.1542/peds.2015-0673

Finch SA, Wasserman R, Nabi-Burza E, et al. Overcoming challenges in the changing environment of practice-based research. Ann Fam Med. 2015;13(5) 475-479. DOI: 10.1370/afm.1809.

Grundmeier RW, Song L, Ramos MJ, et al. Imputing missing race/ethnicity in pediatric electronic health records: Reducing bias with use of U.S. census location and surname data. Health Serv Res. 2015;50(4):946-960. DOI: 10.1111/1475-6773.12295.

Resnicow K, McMaster F, Bocian A, et al. Motivational interviewing and dietary counseling for obesity in primary care: an RCT. Pediatrics. 2015;135(4):649-657. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-1880.

Miller D, Noonan K, Fiks AG, et al. Increasing pediatrician participation in EHR incentive programs. Pediatrics. 2015; 135(1):e1-4. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-2438.


Drehmer JE, Ossip DJ, Nabi-Burza E, et al. Thirdhand smoke beliefs of parents. Pediatrics. 2014;133(4):e850-856DOI:10.1542/peds.2013-3392.

Gorzkowski JA, Klein JD, Harris DL, et al. Maintenance of Certification Part 4 credit and recruitment for practice-based research. Pediatrics. 2014;134(4):747-753. DOI:  10.1542/peds.2014.0316.

Winickoff JP, Nabi-Burza E, Chang Y, et al. Sustainability of a parental tobacco control intervention in pediatric practice. Pediatrics. 2014;134(5):933-941. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-0639.


Bernstein HH, Spino C, Lalama CM, et al. Unreadiness for postpartum discharge following healthy term pregnancy: impact on health care use and outcomes. Acad Pediatr. 2013;13(1):27-39. DOI:10.1016/j.acap.2012.08.005.

Friebley J, Rigotti NA, Chang Y, et al. Parent smoker role conflict and planning to quit smoking: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health.  2013; 13:164.  DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-13-164.

Kairys S, Wasserman R, Pace W. Practice-based quality improvement networks: full speed forward. Acad Pediatr. 2013; 13(6 Suppl):S12–13. DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2013.02.001.

Nabi-Burza E, Winickoff JP, Finch S, et al. Triple tobacco screen: opportunity to help families become smokefree.  Am J Prev Med. 2013;45(6):728-731. DOI:10.1016/j.amepre.2013.07.007

Ossip DJ, Chang Y, Nabi-Burza E, Drehmer J, Finch S, Hipple B, Rigotti NA, Klein JD, Winickoff JP. Strict smoke-free home policies among smoking parents in pediatric settings. Acad Pediatr. 2013;13(6):517-523.  doi:10.1016/j.acap.2013.06.003. 

Winickoff JP, Nabi-Burza E, Chang Y, et al. Implementation of a parental tobacco control intervention in pediatric practice. Pediatrics. 2013;132(1):109-117. DOI:10.1542/peds.2012-3901


Drehmer JE, Ossip DJ, Rigotti NA, et al. Pediatrician interventions and thirdhand smoke beliefs of parents. Am J Prev Med. 2012;43(5):533-536. DOI:10.1016/j.amepre.2012.07.020

Fiks AG, Grundmeier RW, Margolis B, et al. Comparative effectiveness research using the electronic medical record: an emerging area of investigation in pediatric primary care. J Pediatr. 2012; 160(5):719-724. DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.01.039

Herman-Giddens ME, Steffes J, Harris D, et al. Secondary sexual characteristics in boys: data from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings Network. Pediatrics. 2012;130(5): e1058-1068.  DOI: 10.1542/peds.2011-3291

Nabi-Burza E, Regan S, Drehmer J, et al. Parents smoking in their cars with children. Pediatrics. 2012;130(6): e1471-1478. DOI:10.1542/peds.2012-0334

Resnicow K, McMaster F, Woolford S, et al. Study design and baseline description of the BMI2 trial: Reducing paediatric obesity in primary care practices. Pediatr Obes. 2012;7(1): 3-15. DOI: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2011.00001.x.

Winickoff JP, Hipple B, Drehmer J, et al. The Clinical Effort Against Secondhand Smoke Exposure (CEASE) intervention: a decade of lessons learned.  J Clin Outcomes Manag. 2012; 19(9):414-419. Abstract available at:


Dempsey J, Friebely J, Hall N, et al. Parental tobacco control in the child healthcare setting. Current Pediatric Reviews. 2011;7(2):115-122. DOI: 10.2174/157339611795735602

Fiks AL, Kaelber DC, Melgar TA, et al. Graduating med-peds residents' interest in part-time employment. Acad Pediatr. 2011;11(5):369-374. DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2011.02.013.

Ip EH, Wasserman R, Barkin S. Comparison of intraclass correlation coefficient estimates and standard errors between using cross-sectional and repeated measurement data: The Safety Check cluster randomized trial.  Contemporary Clinical Trials. 2011;32(2):225-232. DOI: 10.1016/j.cct.2010.11.001.

Sege R, Flaherty E, Jones R, et al. Child Abuse Recognition and Experience Study (CARES) Study Team. Child Abuse Recognition and Experience Study (CARES) Study Team. To report or not report: examination of the initial primary care management of suspicious childhood injuries.  Acad Pediatr. 2011;(11):460-466. DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2011.08.005.

Slora EJ, Bocian AB, Finch SA, et al. Pediatric Research in Office Settings at 25: a quarter century of network research toward the betterment of children's health.  Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care. 2011;41(10):286-292. DOI: 10.1016/j.cppeds.2011.08.001.

Wasserman R, Bocian A, Harris D, et al. Limited capacity in U.S. pediatric drug trials: qualitative analysis of expert interviews. Pediatr Drugs. 2011;13(2):119-124. DOI: 10.2165/11584240-000000000-00000.

Wasserman RC. Electronic medical records (EMRs), epidemiology, and epistemology: reflections on EMRs and clinical research. Acad Pediatr. 2011;11:280-287. DOI: 10.1016/j.acap.2011.02.007.


Slora EJ, Wasserman RC. Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS): A research network to enhance practice and improve child health. Pediatr Ann. 2010;39(6):352-361. DOI: 10.3928/00904481-20100521-07.

Slora EJ, Harris DL, Bocian AB, et al. Pediatric clinical research networks: current status, common challenges, and potential solutions. Pediatr. 2010;126:740-745. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2009-3586.


Finch SA, Barkin SL, Wasserman RC, et al. Effects of local institutional review board review on participation in national practice-based research network studies. Arch Pediatr Adol Med. 2009;163(12):1130-1134. DOI: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.206.

Slora EJ, Bocian AB, Herman-Giddens ME, et al. Assessing inter-rater reliability (IRR) of Tanner staging and orchidometer use with boys: a study from PROS. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2009;22(4):291-300. DOI: 10.1515/jpem.2009.22.4.291


Barkin SL, Finch SA, Ip EH, et al. Is office-based counseling about media use, time-outs, and firearm storage effective? Results from a cluster randomized controlled trial. Pediatrics. 2008;122(1):e15-25. DOI:10.1542/peds.2007-2611.

Darden P, Taylor J, Brooks D, et al. How should immunization rates be measured in the office setting? A study from PROS and NMA PedsNet. Clinical Pediatr. 2008;47: 252-260. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2007-0311.

Finch SA, Weiley V, Ip EH, et al. Impact of pediatricians' perceived self-efficacy and confidence on violence prevention counseling: a national study. Matern Child Health J. 2008;12(1):75-82. DOI: 10.1007/s10995-007-0223-2.

Finch SA, Lalama C, Spino C, et al. Practice-based research network solutions to methodological challenges encountered in a national, prospective cohort study of mothers and newborns. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2008;22(1):87-98. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-3016.2007.00894.x.

Flaherty EG, Sege RD, Griffith J, et al. From suspicion of physical child abuse to reporting: Primary care clinician decision-making. Pediatrics. 2008; 122 (3):611-619. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2007-2311.

Jones R, Flaherty EG, Binns HJ, et al. Clinicians' description of factors influencing their reporting of suspected child abuse: a report of the Child Abuse Reporting Experience Study Research Group. Pediatrics. 2008;122 (2):259-266. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2007-2312.

Luginbuhl LM, Newman TB, Pantell RH, et al. Office-based treatment and outcomes for febrile infants with clinically diagnosed bronchiolitis.  Pediatrics. 2008;122(5):947-954. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2007-3206.

Pascoe JM, Little DR, Forbis SG, et al. Patient visits to a midwestern primary care practice-based research network: a comparison to two national primary care data sets. South Med J. 2008;101(7):693-698. DOI: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e31817a7e8b.

Slora EJ, Steffes JM, Harris D, et al. Improving practice immunization rates through distance-based quality improvement: a feasibility trial from PROS. Clin Pediatr. 2008;47(1):25-36. DOI: 10.1177/0009922807304597


Barkin S, Scheindlin B, Ip E, et al. Determinants of parental discipline practices: A national sample from primary care practices. Clin Pediatr. 2007;46(1):64-69. DOI: 10.1177/0009922806292644

Bernstein HH, Spino C, Finch S, et al. Decision-making for postpartum discharge of 4,300 mothers and their healthy infants: the Life Around Newborn Discharge Study. Pediatrics.  2007;120:e391-400. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2006-3389

DuRant R, Barkin S, Craig J, et al. Firearm ownership and storage patterns among families with children who receive well child care in pediatric offices. Pediatrics. 2007;119(6):e1271-1279.  DOI: 10.1542/peds.2006-1485

Schwartz RP, Hamre R, Dietz WH, et al. Office-based motivational interviewing to prevent childhood obesity: a feasibility study. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007;161(5):495-501. DOI:10.1001/archpedi.161.5.495

Darden PM, Taylor JA, Brooks DA, et al. How Should Immunization Rates Be Measured in the Office Setting? A Study from PROS and NMA PedsNet. Clinical Pediatrics. 2008;47(3):252-260. DOI:10.1177/0009922807308743


Barkin S, Ip E, Finch S, et al. Clinician practice patterns: linking to community resources for childhood aggression. Clinical Pediatr. 2006;45:750-756. DOI:10.1177/0009922806292812

Barkin S, Richardson I, Klinepeter S, et al. Parental media mediation styles for children ages 2-11 years.  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2006;160:395-401. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.160.4.395

Bergman DA, Mayer ML, Pantell RH, et al. Does clinical presentation explain practice variability in the treatment of febrile infants?  Pediatrics. 2006;117(3):787-795.  DOI: 10.1542/peds.2005-0947

Chien A, Coker T, Choi L, et al. What do pediatric primary care providers think are important research questions? A perspective from PROS providers. Ambul Pediatr. 2006;6(6):352-355. DOI: 10.1016/j.ambp.2006.07.002

Flaherty EG, Sege R, Price LL, et al. Pediatrician Characteristics Associated With Child Abuse Identification and Reporting: Results From a National Survey of Pediatricians. Child Maltreatment. 2006;11(4):361-369. DOI:10.1177/1077559506292287

Serwint JR, Thoma KA, Dabrow SM, et al. Comparing patients seen in continuity clinics and the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS): A study from the Continuity Research Network (CORNET). Pediatrics. 2006;118:e849-58 DOI: 10.1542/peds.2006-0422

Slora EJ, Thoma KA, Wasserman RC, et al. Patient visits to a national practice-based research network: comparing pediatric research in office settings with the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. Pediatrics. 2006; 118(2): e228-234. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2005-0701


Barkin SL, Scheindlin B, Brown C, Ip E, Finch S, Wasserman RC. Anticipatory guidance topics: are more better? Ambul Pediatr. 2005;5(6):372-376. DOI: 10.1367/A04-2131R1.1

Schroeder AR, Newman TB, Wasserman RC, et al. Choice of urine collection methods for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection in young, febrile infants. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 2005;159:915-922. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.159.10.915

Trowbridge M, Sege R, Olson L, et al. Intentional injury management and prevention in pediatric practice: Results from 1998 and 2003 American Academy of Pediatrics Periodic Surveys, Pediatrics. 2005;116:996-1000. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2005-0618


Flaherty EG, Jones R, Sege R. The Child Abuse Recognition Experience Study Research Group. Telling their stories: primary care practitioners' experience evaluating and reporting injuries caused by child abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect. 2004; 28: 939–945. DOI: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.03.013

Herman-Giddens ME, Kaplowitz PB, Wasserman RC. Navigating the recent papers on girls' puberty in pediatrics: what do we know and here do we go from here? Pediatrics. 2004; 113: 911-917. DOI: 10.1542/peds.113.4.911

Pantell RH, Newman TB, Bernzweig J, et al. Management and outcomes of care of fever in early infancy.  JAMA. 2004; 291: 1203-1212. DOI:10.1001/jama.291.10.1203

Mohr JJ, Lannon CM, Thoma KA, et al. Learning from Errors in Ambulatory Pediatrics (LEAP). Advances in Patient Safety: From Research to Implementation. 2004;1:355-368. Available on line at:


Ferris TG, Wasserman RC. Primary care and specialty care for U.S. children: What is the right mix? Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2003; 157:219-220. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.157.3.219

Gardner W, Kelleher KJ, Pajer KA, et al. Primary care clinicians' use of standardized tools to assess child psychosocial problems. Ambulatory Pediatr. 2003; 3(4):191–195. DOI: 10.1367/1539-4409(2003)003<0191:pccuos>;2

Wasserman RC, Slora EJ, Bocian AB. Current status of pediatric practice-based research networks.  Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care. 2003; 33:115-123. DOI: 10.1067/mps.2003.12


Bernstein H, Spino C, Baker A, et al. Postpartum Discharge: Do Varying Perceptions of Readiness Impact Health Outcomes? Ambulatory Pediatrics. 2002;2:388-395. DOI: 10.1367/1539-4409(2002)002<0388:pddvpo>;2

Gardner W, Pajer KA, Kelleher KJ, et al. Child sex differences in primary care clinicians' mental health treatment of children and adolescents.  Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2002;156: 454-459. DOI:10.1001/archpedi.156.5.454

Glade GB, Forrest CB, Starfield B, et al. Specialty referrals made during telephone conversations with parents.  Ambulatory Pediatrics. 2002; 2:93-98. DOI: 10.1367/1539-4409(2002)002<0093:srmdtc>;2

Newman TB, Bernzweig JA, Takayama JI, et al. Urine testing and urinary tract infections in febrile infants seen in office settings: The Pediatric Research in Office Settings' Febrile Infant Study.  Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2002;156:44-54. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.156.1.44

Taylor JA, Darden PM, Brooks DA, et al. Practitioner policies and beliefs and practice immunization rates: A study from PROS and the National Medical Association.  Pediatrics. 2002;109:294-300. DOI: 10.1542/peds.109.2.294

Taylor JA, Darden PM, Brooks DA, et al. The association between parental preferences and perceptions of barriers to vaccination and the immunization status of their children: A study from PROS and the National Medical Association. Pediatrics. 2002;110:1110-1116. DOI: 10.1542/peds.110.6.1110

Wasserman RC.  Randomized trials and recruitment tribulations: rethinking the research enterprise.  J Pediatr. 2002; 141:756-757. DOI:10.1067/mpd.2002.130359

Britton JR, Baker A, Spino C, Bernstein HH. Postpartum discharge preferences of pediatricians: Results from a national survey. Pediatrics 2002;110:53-60. DOI: 10.1542/peds.110.1.53


Kaplowitz PB, Slora EJ, Wasserman RC, et al. Earlier Onset of Puberty in Girls:  Relation to Increased Body Mass Index and Race.  Pediatrics. 2001; 108:347-353. DOI: 10.1542/peds.108.2.347

Taylor JA, Darden PM, Brooks DA, et al. Impact of the change to inactivated poliovirus vaccine on the immunization status of young children in the United States: A study from PROS and the National Medical Association.  Pediatrics. 2001;107(6):e90. DOI: 10.1542/peds.107.6.e90

Gardner WP, Nutting PA, Kelleher KJ, et al. Does the Family APGAR effectively measure family functioning? Journal of Family Practice. 2001; 50: 19-25. Abstract available at:

Scholle SH, Gardner W, Harman J, et al. Physician gender and psychosocial care for children: Attitudes, practice characteristics, identification and treatment. Medical Care. 2001; 39: 26-38.  DOI: 10.1097/00005650-200101000-00005


Forrest CB, Glade GB, Baker AE, et al. Coordination of specialty referrals and physician satisfaction with referral care.  Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000;154:499-506. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.154.5.499

Gardner W, Kelleher KJ, Wasserman R, et al. Primary care treatment of pediatric psychosocial problems: A study from PROS and ASPN. Pediatrics. 2000;106(4):e44. DOI: 10.1542/peds.106.4.e44

Kelleher KJ, McInerny TK, Gardner WP, et al. Increasing identification of psychosocial problems: 1979-1996. Pediatrics. 2000;105(6):1313-1321. DOI: 10.1542/peds.105.6.1313

McInerny TK, Szilagyi PG, Childs GE, et al. Uninsured children with psychosocial problems: Primary care management. Journal of the Ambulatory Pediatric Association (supplement to Pediatrics). 2000; 106: 930-936. Available at:


Bocian AB, Wasserman RC, Slora EJ, et al. The size and age-sex distribution of pediatric practice: A study from Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS). Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 1999; 153: 9-14. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.153.1.9

Campo JV, Jansen-McWilliams L, Comer DM, et al. Somatization in pediatric primary care: Association with psychopathology, functional impairment, and use of services. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1999; 38(9): 1093-1101. DOI: 10.1097/00004583-199909000-00012

Forrest CB, Glade GB, Starfield B, et al. Gatekeeping and referral of children and adolescents to specialty care. Pediatrics. 1999; 104: 28-34. DOI: 10.1542/peds.104.1.28

Forrest CB, Glade GB, Baker AE, et al. The pediatric primary-specialty care interface: How pediatricians refer children and adolescents to specialty care. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 1999; 153: 705-714. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.153.7.705

Gardner W, Murphy JM, Childs G, et al. The PSC-17: A brief pediatric symptom checklist with psychosocial problem subscales: A report from PROS and ASPN. Ambulatory Child Health. 1999; 5(3): 225-236. Not available on-line.

Heinrich P, Homer CJ. Improving the care of children with asthma in pediatric practice: The HIPPO project. Pediatric Annals. 1999; 28(1): 64-72. DOI: 10.3928/0090-4481-19990101-12 Not available on-line.

Jellinek MS, Murphy JM, Little M, et al. Use of the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC) to screen for psychosocial problems in pediatric primary care: A national feasibility study. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 1999; 153(3): 254-260. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.153.3.254

Kelleher KJ, Moore CD, Childs GE, et al. Patient race and ethnicity in primary care management of child behavior problems: A report from PROS and ASPN. Medical Care. 1999; 37(11): 1092-1104. DOI: 10.1097/00005650-199911000-00002

McLennan JD, Jansen-McWilliams L, Comer DM, et al. The physician belief scale and psychosocial problems in children: A report from Pediatric Research in Office Settings and Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. 1999; 20: 24-30. DOI: 10.1097/00004703-199902000-00004

Wasserman RC, Kelleher KJ, Bocian AB, et al. Identification of attentional and hyperactivity problems in primary care: A report from Pediatric Research in Office Settings and Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network. Pediatrics. 1999; 103:e38. DOI: 10.1542/peds.103.3.e38


Glade GB, Wasserman RC. Research and the practicing pediatrician: The Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) network. Contemporary Pediatrics.1998; 15: 75-92. Not available on-line.

Murphy JM, Kelleher KJ, Pagano ME, et al. The family APGAR and psychosocial problems in children: A report from ASPN and PROS. Journal of Family Practice. 1998; 46(1): 54-64. Available at:

Wasserman RC, Slora EJ, Bocian AB, et al. Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS): A national practice-based research network to improve children's health care. Pediatrics. 1998; 102: 1350-1357. DOI: 10.1542/peds.102.6.1350


Herman-Giddens ME, Slora EJ, Wasserman RC, et al. Secondary sexual characteristics and menses in young girls seen in office practice: A study from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings network. Pediatrics. 1997; 99: 505-512. DOI: 10.1542/peds.99.4.505

Kelleher KJ, Childs GE, Wasserman RC, et al. Insurance status and recognition of psychosocial problems: A report from PROS and ASPN. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine.1997; 151: 1109-1115. DOI:10.1001/archpedi.1997.02170480039006

Taylor JA, Darden PM, Slora EJ, et al. The influence of provider behavior, parental characteristics, and a public policy initiative on the immunization status of children followed by private pediatricians: A study from Pediatric Research in Office Settings. Pediatrics. 1997; 99: 209-215. Available at:

Wasserman RC. Research in private pediatric practice and the challenge of network research. Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 1997; 9: 483-486. DOI: 10.1097/00008480-199710000-00006


Darden PM, Taylor JA, Slora EJ, et al. Methodological issues in determining rates of childhood immunization in office practice: A study from Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS). Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 1996; 150:1027-1031. DOI:10.1001/archpedi.1996.02170350029004


Wasserman RC, Croft CA, Brotherton SE. Preschool vision screening in pediatric practice: A study from the Pediatric Research in Office Settings (PROS) network. Pediatrics. 1992; 89: 834-838. Available at

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